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               浜様様様様様様様様様様様様様様様融

                 BALTIMORE CATECHISM NUMBER 2 

               藩様様様様様様様様様様様様様様様夕

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LESSON FIRST: ON THE END OF MAN

LESSON SECOND: ON GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS

LESSON THIRD: ON THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD

LESSON FOURTH: ON CREATION

LESSON FIFTH: ON OUR FIRST PARENTS AND THE FALL

LESSON SIXTH: ON SIN AND ITS KINDS

LESSON SEVENTH: ON THE INCARNATION AND REDEMPTION

LESSON EIGHTH: ON OUR LORD'S PASSION, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION

LESSON NINTH: ON THE HOLY GHOST AND HIS DESCENT UPON THE APOSTLES

LESSON TENTH: ON THE EFFECTS OF THE REDEMPTION

LESSON ELEVENTH: ON THE CHURCH

LESSON TWELFTH: ON THE ATTRIBUTES AND MARKS OF THE CHURCH

LESSON THIRTEENTH: ON THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL

LESSON FOURTEENTH: ON BAPTISM

LESSON FIFTEENTH: ON CONFIRMATION

LESSON SIXTEENTH: ON THE GIFTS AND FRUITS OF THE HOLY GHOST

LESSON SEVENTEENTH: ON THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE

LESSON EIGHTEENTH: ON CONTRITION

LESSON NINETEENTH: ON CONFESSION

LESSON TWENTIETH: ON THE MANNER OF MAKING A GOOD CONFESSION

LESSON TWENTY-FIRST: ON INDULGENCES

LESSON TWENTY-SECOND: ON THE HOLY EUCHARIST

LESSON TWENTY-THIRD: ON THE ENDS FOR WHICH THE HOLY EUCHARIST WAS INSTITUTED

LESSON TWENTY-FOURTH: ON THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS

LESSON TWENTY-FIFTH: ON EXTREME UNCTION AND HOLY ORDERS

LESSON TWENTY-SIXTH: ON MATRIMONY

LESSON TWENTY-SEVENTH: ON THE SACRAMENTALS

LESSON TWENTY-EIGHTH: ON PRAYER

LESSON TWENTY-NINTH: ON THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD

LESSON THIRTIETH: ON THE FIRST COMMANDMENT

LESSON THIRTY-FIRST: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT--ON THE HONOR AND INVOCATION OF SAINTS

LESSON THIRTY-SECOND: FROM THE SECOND TO THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT

LESSON THIRTY-THIRD: FROM THE FOURTH TO THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT

LESSON THIRTY-FOURTH: FROM THE SEVENTH TO THE END OF THE TENTH COMMANDMENT

LESSON THIRTY-FIFTH: ON THE FIRST AND SECOND COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH

LESSON THIRTY-SIXTH: ON THE THIRD, FOURTH, FIFTH AND SIXTH COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH

LESSON THIRTY-SEVENTH: ON THE LAST JUDGMENT AND THE RESURRECTION, HELL, PURGATORY, AND HEAVEN

 

 

 LESSON FIRST: ON THE END OF MAN

 

 

 

 

 

LESSON FIRST: ON THE END OF MAN

 

1.Q.  Who made the world?

2.Q.  Who is God?

3.Q.  What is man?

4.Q.  Is this likeness in the body or in the soul?

5.Q.  How is the soul like to God?

6.Q.  Why did God make you?

7.Q.  Of which must we take more care, our soul or our body?

8.Q.  Why must we take more care of our soul than of our body?

9.Q.  What must we do to save our souls?

10.Q.  How shall we know the things which we are to believe?

11.Q.  Where shall we find the chief truths which the Church teaches?

12.Q.  Say the Apostles' Creed.

 

LESSON SECOND: ON GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS

 

13.Q.  What is God?

14.Q.  Had God a beginning

15.Q.  Where is God?

16.Q.  If God is everywhere, why do we not see Him?

17.Q.  Does God see us?

18.Q.  Does God know all things?

19.Q.  Can God do all things?

20.Q.  Is God just, holy, and merciful?

 

LESSON THIRD: ON THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD

 

21.Q.  Is there but one God?

22.Q.  Why can there be but one God?

23.Q.  How many Persons are there in God?

24.Q.  Is the Father God?

25.Q.  Is the Son God?

26.Q.  Is the Holy Ghost God?

27.Q.  What do you mean by the Blessed Trinity?

28.Q.  Are the three Divine Persons equal in all things?

29.Q.  Are the three Divine Persons one and the same God?

30.Q.  Can we fully understand how the three Divine Persons are one and the same God?

31.Q.  What is a mystery?

 

LESSON FOURTH: ON CREATION

 

32.Q.  Who created heaven and earth, and all things?

33.Q.  How did God create heaven and earth?

34.Q.  Which are the chief creatures of God?

33.Q.  What are angels?

36.Q.  Were the angels created for any other purpose?

37.Q.  Were the angels, as God created them, good and happy?

38.Q.  Did all the angels remain good and happy?

 

LESSON FIFTH: ON OUR FIRST PARENTS AND THE FALL

 

39.Q.  Who were the first man and woman?

40.Q.  Were Adam and Eve innocent and holy when they came from the hand of God?

41.Q.  Did God give any command to Adam and Eve?

42.Q.  Which were the chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve had they remained faithful to God?

43.Q.  Did Adam and Eve remain faithful to God?

44.Q.  What befell Adam and Eve on account of their sin?

45.Q.  What evil befell us on account of the disobedience of our first parents?

46.Q.  What other effects followed from the sin of our first parents?

47.Q.  What is the sin called which we inherit from our first parents?

48.Q.  Why is this sin called original?

49.Q.  Does this corruption of our nature remain in us after original sin is forgiven?

50.Q.  Was any one ever preserved from original sin?

 

LESSON SIXTH: ON SIN AND ITS KINDS

 

51.Q.  Is original sin the only kind of sin?

52.Q.  What is actual sin?

53.Q.  How many kinds of actual sin are there?

54.Q.  What is mortal sin?

55.Q.  Why is this sin called mortal?

56.Q.  How many things are necessary to make a sin mortal?

57.Q.  What is venial sin?

58.Q.  Which are the effects of venial sin?

59.Q.  Which are the chief sources of sin?

 

LESSON SEVENTH: ON THE INCARNATION AND REDEMPTION

 

60.Q.  Did God abandon man after he fell into sin?

61.Q.  Who is the Redeemer?

62.Q.  What do you believe of Jesus Christ?

63.Q.  Why is Jesus Christ true God?

64.Q.  Why is Jesus Christ true man?

65.Q.  How many natures are there in Jesus Christ?

66.Q.  Is Jesus Christ more than one person?

67.Q.  Was Jesus Christ always God?

68.Q.  Was Jesus Christ always man?

69.Q.  What do you mean by the Incarnation?

70.Q.  How was the Son of God made man?

71.Q.  Is the Blessed Virgin Mary truly the Mother of God?

72.Q.  Did the Son of God become man immediately after the sin of our first parents?

73.Q.  How could they be saved who lived before the Son of God became man?

74.Q.  On what day was the Son of God conceived and made man?

75.Q.  On what day was Christ born?

76.Q.  How long did Christ live on earth?

77.Q.  Why did Christ live so long on earth?

 

LESSON EIGHTH: ON OUR LORD'S PASSION, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION

 

78.Q.  What did Jesus Christ suffer?

79.Q.  On what day did Christ die?

80.Q.  Why do you call that day "good" on which Christ died so sorrowful a death?

81.Q.  Where did Christ die?

82.Q.  How did Christ die?

83.Q.  Why did Christ suffer and die?

84.Q.  What lessons do we learn from the sufferings and death of Christ?

85.Q.  Where did Christ's soul go after His death?

86.Q.  Did Christ's soul descend into the hell of the damned?

87.Q.  Why did Christ descend into Limbo?

88.Q.  Where was Christ's body while His soul was in Limbo?

89.Q.  On what day did Christ rise from the dead?

90.Q.  How long did Christ stay on earth after His resurrection?

91.Q.  After Christ had remained forty days on earth whither did He go?

92.Q.  Where is Christ in heaven?

93.Q.  What do you mean by saying that Christ sits at the right hand Of God?

 

LESSON NINTH: ON THE HOLY GHOST AND HIS DESCENT UPON THE APOSTLES

 

94.Q.  Who is the Holy Ghost?

95.Q.  From whom does the Holy Ghost proceed?

96.Q.  Is the Holy Ghost equal to the Father and the Son?

97.Q.  On what day did the Holy Ghost come down upon the Apostles?

98.Q.  How did the Holy Ghost come down upon the Apostles?

99.Q.  Who sent the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles?

100.Q.  Why did Christ send the Holy Ghost?

101.Q.  Will the Holy Ghost abide with the Church forever?

 

LESSON TENTH: ON THE EFFECTS OF THE REDEMPTION

 

102.Q.  Which are the chief effects of the Redemption?

103.Q.  What do you mean by grace?

104.Q.  How many kinds of grace are there?

105.Q.  What is sanctifying grace?

106.Q.  What do you call those graces or gifts of God by which we believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him?

107.Q.  What is Faith?

108.Q.  What is Hope?

109.Q.  What is Charity?

110.Q.  What is actual grace?

111.Q.  Is grace necessary to salvation?

112.Q.  Can we resist the grace of God?

113.Q.  What is the grace of perseverance?

 

LESSON ELEVENTH: ON THE CHURCH

 

114.Q.  Which are the means instituted by our Lord to enable men at all times to share in the fruits of the Redemption?

115.Q.  What is the Church?

116.Q.  Who is the invisible Head of the Church?

117.Q.  Who is the visible Head of the Church?

118.Q.  Why is the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, the visible Head of the Church?

119.Q.  Who are the successors of the other Apostles?

120.Q.  Why did Christ found the Church?

121.Q.  Are all bound to belong to the Church?

 

LESSON TWELFTH: ON THE ATTRIBUTES AND MARKS OF THE CHURCH

 

122.Q.  Which are the attributes of the Church?

123.Q.  What do you mean by the authority of the Church?

124.Q.  What do you mean by the infallibility of the Church?

125.Q.  When does the Church teach infallibly?

126.Q.  What o you mean by the indefectibility of the Church?

127.Q.  In whom are these attributes found in their fullness?

128.Q.  Has the Church any marks by which it may be known?

129.Q.  How is the Church One?

130.Q.  How is the Church Holy?

131.Q.  How is the Church Catholic or universal?

132.Q.  How is the Church Apostolic?

133.Q.  In which Church are these attributes and marks found?

134.Q.  From whom does the Church derive its undying life and infallible authority?

135.Q.  By whom is the Church made and kept One, Holy, and Catholic?

 

LESSON THIRTEENTH: ON THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL

 

136.Q.  What is a Sacrament?

137.Q.  How many Sacraments are there?

138.Q.  Whence have the Sacraments the power of giving grace?

139.Q.  What grace do the Sacraments give?

140.Q.  Which are the Sacraments that give sanctifying grace?

141.Q.  Why are Baptism and Penance called Sacraments of the dead?

142.Q.  Which are the Sacraments that increase sanctifying grace in our soul?

143.Q.  Why are Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony called Sacraments of the living?

144.Q.  What sin does he commit who receives the Sacraments of the living in mortal sin?

145.Q.  Besides sanctifying grace do the Sacraments give any other grace?

146.Q.  What is sacramental grace?

147.Q.  Do the Sacraments always give grace?

148.Q.  Can we receive the Sacraments more than once?

149.Q.  Why can we not receive Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders more than once?

150.Q.  What is the character which these Sacraments imprint in the soul?

151.Q.  Does this character remain in the soul even after death?

 

LESSON FOURTEENTH: ON BAPTISM

 

152.Q.  What is Baptism?

153.Q.  Are actual sins ever remitted by Baptism?

154.Q.  Is Baptism necessary to salvation?

155.Q.  Who can administer Baptism?

156.Q.  How is Baptism given?

157.Q.  How many kinds of Baptism are there?

158.Q.  What is Baptism of water?

159.Q.  What is Baptism of desire?

160.Q.  What is Baptism of blood?

161.Q.  Is Baptism of desire or of blood sufficient to produce the effects of Baptism of water?

162.Q.  What do we promise in Baptism?

163.Q.  Why is the name of a saint given in Baptism?

164.Q.  Why are godfathers and godmothers given in Baptism?

165.Q.  What is the obligation of a godfather and a godmother?

 

LESSON FIFTEENTH: ON CONFIRMATION

 

166.Q.  What is Confirmation?

167.Q.  Who administers Confirmation?

168.Q.  How does the bishop give Confirmation?

169.Q.  What is holy chrism?

170.Q.  What does the bishop say in anointing the person he confirms?

171.Q.  What is meant by anointing the forehead with chrism in the form of a cross?

172.Q.  Why does the bishop give the person he confirms a slight blow on the cheek?

173.Q.  To receive Confirmation worthily is it necessary to be in the state of grace?

174.Q.  What special preparation should be made to receive Confirmation?

175.Q.  Is it a sin to neglect Confirmation?

 

LESSON SIXTEENTH: ON THE GIFTS AND FRUITS OF THE HOLY GHOST

 

176.Q.  Which are the effects of Confirmation?

177.Q.  Which are the gifts of the Holy Ghost?

178.Q.  Why do we receive the gift of Fear of the Lord?

179.Q.  Why do we receive the gift of Piety?

180.Q.  Why do we receive the gift of KnowIedge?

181.Q.  Why do we receive the gift of Fortitude?

182.Q   Why do we receive the gift of Counsel?

183.Q.  Why do we receive the gift of Understanding?

184.Q.  Why do we receive the gift of Wisdom?

185.Q.  Which are the Beatitudes?

186.Q.  Which are the twelve fruits of the Holy Ghost?

 

LESSON SEVENTEENTH: ON THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE

 

187.Q.  What is the Sacrament of Penance?

188.Q.  How does the Sacrament of Penance remit sin, and restore to the soul the friendship of God?

189.Q.  How do you know that the priest has the power of absolving from the sins committed after Baptism?

190.Q.  How do the priests of the Church exercise the power of forgiving sins?

191.Q.  What must we do to receive the Sacrament of Penance worthily?

192.Q.  What is the examination of conscience?

193.Q.  How can we make a good examination of conscience?

194.Q.  What should we do before beginning the examination of conscience?

 

LESSON EIGHTEENTH: ON CONTRITION

 

195.Q.  What is Contrition, or sorrow for sin?

196.Q.  What kind of sorrow should we have for our sins?

197.Q.  What do you mean by saying that our sorrow should be interior?

198.Q.  What do you mean by saying that our sorrow should be supernatural?

199.Q.  What do you mean by saying that our sorrow should be universal?

200.Q.  What do you mean when you say that our sorrow should be sovereign?

201.Q.  Why should we be sorry for our sins?

202.Q.  How many kinds of contrition are there?

203.Q.  What is perfect contrition?

204.Q.  What is imperfect contrition?

205.Q.  Is imperfect contrition sufficient for a worthy confession?

206.Q.  What do you mean by a firm purpose of sinning no more?

207.Q.  What do you mean by the near occasions of sin?

 

LESSON NINETEENTH: ON CONFESSION

 

208.Q.  What is Confession?

209.Q.  What sins are we bound to confess?

210.Q.  Which are the chief qualities of a good Confession?

211.Q.  When is our Confession humble?

212.Q.  When is our Confession sincere?

213.Q.  When is our Confession entire?

214.Q.  What should we do if we cannot remember the number of our sins?

215.Q.  Is our Confession worthy if, without our fault, we forget to confess a mortal sin?

216.Q.  Is it a grievous offense willfully to conceal a mortal sin in Confession?

217.Q.  What must he do who has willfully concealed a mortal sin in Confession?

218.Q.  Why does the priest give us a penance after Confession?

219.Q.  Does not the Sacrament of Penance remit all punishment duo to sin?

220.Q.  Why does God require a temporal punishment as a satisfaction for sin?

221.Q.  Which are the chief means by which we satisfy God for the temporal punishment due to sin?

222.Q.  Which are the chief spiritual works of mercy?

223.Q.  Which are the chief corporal works of mercy?

 

LESSON TWENTIETH: ON THE MANNER OF MAKING A GOOD CONFESSION

 

224.Q.  What should we do on entering the confessional?

225.Q.  Which are the first things we should tell. the priest in Confession?

226.Q.  After telling the time of our last Confession and Communion what should we do?

227.Q.  What must we do when the confessor asks us questions?

228.Q.  What should we do after telling our sins?

229.Q.  How should we and our Confession?

230.Q.  What should we do while the priest is giving us absolution?

 

LESSON TWENTY-FIRST: ON INDULGENCES

 

231.Q. What is an Indulgence?

232.Q. Is an Indulgence a pardon of sin, or a license to commit sin?

233.Q. How many kinds of Indulgences are there?

234.Q. What is a Plenary Indulgence?

235.Q. What is a Partial Indulgence?

236.Q. How does the Church by means of Indulgences remit the temporal punishment due to sin?

237.Q. What must we do to gain an Indulgence?

 

LESSON TWENTY-SECOND: ON THE HOLY EUCHARIST

 

238.Q. What is the Holy Eucharist?

239.Q. When did Christ institute the Holy Eucharist?

240.Q. Who were present when our Lord instituted the Holy Eucharist?

241.Q. How did our Lord institute the Holy Eucharist?

242.Q. What happened when our Lord said, This is My body; this is My blood?

243.Q. Is Jesus Christ whole and entire both under the form of bread and under the form of wine?

244.Q. Did anything remain of the bread and wine after their substance had been changed into the substance of the body and blood of our Lord?

245.Q. What do you mean by the appearances of bread and wine?

246.Q. What is this change of the bread and wine into the body and blood of our Lord called?

247.Q. How was the substance of the bread and wine changed into the substance of the body and blood of Christ?

248.Q. Does this change of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ continue to be made in the Church?

249.Q. When did Christ give His priests the power to change bread and wine into His body and blood?

250.Q. How do the priests exercise this power of changing broad and wine into the body and blood of Christ?

 

LESSON TWENTY-THIRD: ON THE ENDS FOR WHICH THE HOLY EUCHARIST WAS INSTITUTED

 

251.Q.  Why did Christ institute the Holy Eucharist?

252.Q. How are we united to Jesus Christ in the Holy Eucharist?

253.Q. What is Holy Communion?

254.Q. What is necessary to make a good Communion?

255.Q. Does he who receives Communion in mortal sin receive the body and blood of Christ?

256.Q. Is it enough to be free from mortal sin to receive Plentifully the graces of Holy Communion?

257.Q. What is the fast necessary for Holy Communion?

258.Q. Is any one ever allowed to receive Holy Communion when not fasting?

259.Q. When are we bound to receive Holy Communion?

260.Q. Is it well to receive Holy Communion often?

261.Q. What should we do after Holy Communion?

 

LESSON TWENTY-FOURTH: ON THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS

 

262.Q. When and where are the bread and wine changed into the body and blood of Christ?

263.Q. What is the Mass?

264.Q. What is a sacrifice?

265.Q. Is the Mass the same sacrifice as that of the Cross?

266.Q. How is the Mass the same sacrifice as that of the Cross?

267.Q. What were the ends for which the sacrifice of the Cross was offered?

268.Q. Is there any difference between the sacrifice of the Cross and the sacrifice of the Mass?

269.Q. How should we assist at Mass?

270.Q. Which is the best manner of hearing Mass?

 

LESSON TWENTY-FIFTH: ON EXTREME UNCTION AND HOLY ORDERS

 

271.Q. What is the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

272.Q. When should we receive Extreme Unction?

273.Q. Should we wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Extreme Unction?

274.Q. Which are the effects of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

275.Q. What do you mean by the remains of sin?

276.Q. How should we receive the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

277.Q. Who is the minister of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

278.Q. What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders?

279.Q. What is necessary to receive Holy orders worthily?

280.Q. How should Christians look upon the priests of the Church?

281.Q. Who can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders?

 

LESSON TWENTY-SIXTH: ON MATRIMONY

 

282.Q. What is the Sacrament of Matrimony?

283.Q. Can a Christian man and woman be united in lawful marriage in any other way than by the Sacrament of Matrimony?

284.Q. Can the bond of Christian marriage be dissolved by any human power?

285.Q. Which are the effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony?

286.Q. To receive the Sacrament of matrimony worthily is it necessary to be in the state of grace?

287.Q. Who has the right to make laws concerning the Sacrament of marriage?

288.Q. Does the Church forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion or no religion at all?

289.Q. Why does the Church forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion or no religion at all?

290.Q. Why do many marriages prove unhappy?

291.Q. How should Christians prepare for a holy and happy marriage?

 

LESSON TWENTY-SEVENTH: ON THE SACRAMENTALS

 

292.Q. What is a sacramental?

293.Q. What is the difference between the Sacraments and the sacramentals?

294.Q. Which is the chief sacramental used in the Church?

295.Q. How do we make the sign of the Cross?

296.Q. Why do we make the sign of the Cross?

297.Q. How is the sign of the Cross a profession of faith in the chief mysteries of our religion?

298.Q. How does the sign of the Cross express the mystery of the Unity and Trinity of God?

299.Q. How does the sign of the Cross express the mystery of the Incarnation and death of our Lord?

300.Q. What other sacramental is in very frequent use?

301.Q. What is holy water?

302.Q. Are there other sacramentals besides the sign of the Cross and holy water?

 

LESSON TWENTY-EIGHTH: ON PRAYER

 

303.Q. Is there any other means of obtaining God's grace than the Sacraments?

304.Q. What is prayer?

305.Q. Is prayer necessary to salvation?

306.Q. At what particular times should we pray?

307.Q. How should we pray?

308.Q. Which are the prayers most recommended to Us?

309.Q. Are prayers said with distractions of any avail?

 

LESSON TWENTY-NINTH: ON THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD

 

310.Q. is it enough to belong to God's Church in order to be saved?

311.Q. Which are the Commandments that contain the whole law of God?

312.Q. Why do these two Commandments of the love of God and of our neighbor contain the whole law of God?

313.Q. Which are the Commandments of God?

314.Q. Who gave the Ten Commandments?

 

LESSON THIRTIETH: ON THE FIRST COMMANDMENT

 

315.Q.  What is the first Commandment?

316.Q. How does the first Commandment help us to keep the great Commandment of the love of God?

317.Q. How do we adore God?

318.Q. How may the first Commandment be broken?

319.Q. Do those who make use of spells and charms, or who believe in dreams, in mediums, spiritists, fortune-tellers, and the like, sin against the first Commandment?

320.Q. Are sins against faith, hope and charity also sins against the first Commandment?

321.Q. How does a person sin against faith?

322.Q. How do we fail to try to know what God has taught?

323.Q. Who are they who do not believe all that God has taught?

324.Q. Who are they who neglect to profess their belief in what-God has taught?

325.Q. Can they who fail to profess their faith in the true Church in which they believe expect to be saved while in that state?

326.Q. Are we obliged to make open profession of our faith?

327.Q. Which are the sins against hope?

328.Q. What is presumption?

329.Q. What is despair?

330.Q. How do we sin against the love of God?

 

LESSON THIRTY-FIRST: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT--ON THE HONOR AND INVOCATION OF SAINTS

 

331.Q. Does the first Commandment forbid the honoring of the saints?

332.Q. Does the first Commandment forbid us to pray to the saints?

333.Q. What do we mean by praying to the saints?

334.Q. How do we know that the saints hear us?

335.Q. Why do we believe that the saints will help us?

336.Q. How are the saints and we members of the same Church?

337.Q. What is the communion of the members of the Church called?

338.Q. What does the communion of saints mean?

339.Q. What benefits are derived from the communion of saints?

340.Q. Does the first Commandment forbid us. to honor relics?

341.Q. Does the first Commandment forbid the making of images?

342.Q. Is it right to show respect to the pictures and images of Christ and His saints?

343.Q. Is it allowed to pray to the crucifix or to the images and relics of the saints?

344.Q. Why do we pray before the crucifix and the images and relics of the saints?

 

LESSON THIRTY-SECOND: FROM THE SECOND TO THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT

 

345.Q. What is the second Commandment?

346.Q. What are we commanded by the second Commandment?

347.Q. What is an oath?

348.Q. When may we take an oath?

349.Q. What is necessary to make an oath lawful?

350.Q. What is a vow?

351.Q. Is it a sin not to fulfill our vows?

352.Q. What is forbidden by the second Commandment?

353.Q. What is the third Commandment?

354.Q. What are we commanded by the third Commandment?

355.Q. How are we to worship God on Sundays and holydays of obligation?

356.Q. Are the Sabbath day and the Sunday the same?

357.Q. Why does the Church command us to keep the Sunday holy instead of the Sabbath?

358.Q. What is forbidden by the third Commandment?

359.Q. What are servile works?

360.Q. Are servile works on Sunday ever lawful?

 

LESSON THIRTY-THIRD: FROM THE FOURTH TO THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT

 

361.Q. What is the fourth Commandment?

362.Q. What are we commanded by the fourth Commandment?

363.Q. Are we bound to honor and obey others than our parents?

364.Q. Have parents and superiors any duties towards those who are under their charge?

365.Q. What is forbidden by the fourth Commandment?

366.Q. What is the fifth Commandment?

367.Q. What are we commanded by the fifth Commandment?

368.Q. What is forbidden by the fifth Commandment?

369.Q. What is the sixth Commandment?

370.Q. What are we commanded by the sixth Commandment?

371.Q. What is forbidden by the sixth Commandment?

372.Q. Does the sixth Commandment forbid the reading of bad and immodest books and newspapers?

 

LESSON THIRTY-FOURTH: FROM THE SEVENTH TO THE END OF THE TENTH COMMANDMENT

 

473.Q. What is the seventh Commandment?

374.Q. What are we commanded by the seventh Commandment?

375.Q. What is forbidden by the seventh Commandment?

376.Q. Are we bound to restore ill-gotten goods?

377.Q. Are we obliged to repair the damage we have unjustly caused?

378.Q. What is the eighth Commandment?

379.Q. What are we commanded by the eighth Commandment?

380.Q. What is forbidden by the eighth Commandment?

381.Q. What must they do who have lied about their neighbor and seriously injured his character?

382.Q. What is the ninth Commandment?

383.Q. What are we commanded by the ninth Commandment?

384.Q. What is forbidden by the ninth Commandment?

385.Q. Are impure thoughts and desires always sins?

386.Q. What is the tenth Commandment?

387.Q. What are we commanded by the tenth Commandment?

389.Q. What is forbidden by the tenth Commandment?

 

LESSON THIRTY-FIFTH: ON THE FIRST AND SECOND COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH

 

389.Q. Which are the chief commandments of the Church?

390.Q. Is it a mortal sin not to hear Mass on a Sunday or a holyday of obligation?

391.Q. Why were holydays instituted by the Church?

392.Q. How should we keep the holydays of obligation?

393.Q. What do you mean by fast-days?

394.Q. What do you mean by days of abstinence?

395.Q. Why does the Church command us to fast and abstain?

396.Q. Why does the Church command us to abstain from flesh-meat on Fridays?

 

LESSON THIRTY-SIXTH: ON THE THIRD, FOURTH, FIFTH AND SIXTH COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH

 

397.Q. What is meant by the command of confessing at least once a year?

398.Q. Should we confess only once a year?

399.Q. Should children go to Confession?

400.Q. What sin does he commit who neglects to receive Communion during the Easter time?

401.Q. What is the Easter time?

402.Q. Are we obliged to contribute to the support of our pastors?

403.Q. What is the meaning of the commandment not to marry within the third degree of kindred?

404.Q. What is the meaning of the command not to marry privately?

405.Q. What is the meaning of the precept not to solemnize marriage at forbidden times?

406.Q. What is the nuptial Mass?

407.Q. Should Catholics be married at a nuptial Mass?

 

LESSON THIRTY-SEVENTH: ON THE LAST JUDGMENT AND THE RESURRECTION, HELL, PURGATORY, AND HEAVEN

 

408.Q. When will Christ judge us?

409.Q. What is the judgment called which we have to undergo immediately after death?

410.Q. What is the judgment called which all men have to undergo on the last day?

411.Q. Why does Christ judge men immediately after death?

412.Q. What are the rewards or punishments appointed for men's souls after the Particular Judgment?

413.Q. What is Hell?

414.Q. What is Purgatory?

415.Q. Can the faithful on earth help the souls in Purgatory?

416.Q. If every one is judged immediately after death, what need is there of a General Judgment?

417.Q. Will our bodies share in the reward or punishment of our souls?

418.Q. In what state will the bodies of the just rise?

419.Q. Will the bodies of the damned also rise?

420.Q. What is Heaven?

421.Q. What words should we bear always in mind?

 

 

 

****

LESSON FIRST: ON THE END OF MAN

 

1 Question:   Who made the world?

Anwser:  God made the world.

 

2 Question:   Who is God?

Anwser:  God is the Creator of heaven and earth, and of all

 

things.

 

3 Question:   What is man?

Anwser:  Man is a creature composed of body and soul, and made to the image

and likeness of God.

 

4 Question:   Is this likeness in the body or in the

soul?

Anwser:  This likeness is chiefly in the soul.

 

5 Question:   How is the soul like to God?

Anwser:  The soul is like God because it is a spirit that will

 

never die, and has understanding and free will.

 

6 Question:   Why did God make you?

Anwser:  God made me to know Him, to love Him, and to serve Him in this world, and to

be happy with Him forever in the next.

 

7 Question:   Of which must we take more care, our soul or our

body?

Anwser:  We must take more care of our soul than of our body.

 

8 Question:   Why must we take more care of our soul than of our

body?

Anwser:  We must take more care of our soul than of our body, because in losing our

soul we lose God and everlasting happiness.

 

9 Question:   What must we do to save our souls?

Anwser:  To save our souls we must worship God by faith, hope, and charity;

that is, we must believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him with all our heart.

 

10 Question:   How shall we know the things which we are to

believe?

Anwser:  We shall know the things which we are to believe from the Catholic

Church, through which God speaks to us.

 

11 Question:  Where shall we find the chief truths which the

Church teaches?

Anwser:  We shall find the chief truths which the Church teaches in the

Apostles' Creed.

 

12 Question:   Say the Apostles' Creed.

Anwser:  I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in

Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born

of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was

buried.  He descended into hell: the third day He arose again from the dead: He

ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God, the Father

Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.  I

believe in the Holy Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints,

the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life

everlasting.  Amen.

 

LESSON SECOND: ON GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS

 

13 Question:   What is God?

Anwser:  God is a spirit infinitely perfect.

 

14 Question:   Had God a beginning

Anwser:  God had no beginning; He always was and He always will be.

 

15 Question:  Where is God?

Anwser:  God is everywhere.

 

16 Question:   If God is everywhere, why do we not see

Him?

Anwser:  We do not see God, because He is a pure spirit and cannot be seen

with bodily eyes.

 

17 Question:   Does God see us?

Anwser:  God sees us and watches over us.

 

18 Question:   Does God know all things?

Anwser:  God knows all things, even our most secret thoughts, words, and

actions.

 

19 Question:   Can God do all things?

Anwser:  God can do all things, and nothing is hard or impossible to Him.

 

20 Question:   Is God just, holy, and merciful?

Anwser:  God is all just, all holy, all merciful, as He is infinitely perfect.

 

LESSON THIRD: ON THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD

 

21 Question:   Is there but one God?

Anwser:  Yes; there is but one God.

 

22 Question:   Why can there be but one God?

Anwser:  There can be but one God, because God, being supreme and infinite,

cannot have an equal.

 

23 Question:   How many Persons are there in God?

Anwser:  In God there are three Divine Persons, really distinct, and equal in

all things-the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

 

24 Question:   Is the Father God?

Anwser:  The Father is God and the first Person of the Blessed Trinity.

 

25 Question:   Is the Son God?

Anwser:  The Son is God and the second Person of the Blessed Trinity.

 

26 Question:   Is the Holy Ghost God?

A. The Holy Ghost is God and the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

 

27 Question:   What do you mean by the Blessed Trinity?

Anwser:  By the Blessed Trinity I mean one God in three Divine Persons.

 

28 Question:   Are the three Divine Persons equal in all

things?

A. The three Divine Persons are equal in all things.

 

29 Question:   Are the three Divine Persons one and the same

God?

Anwser:  The three Divine Persons are one and the same God, having one and the

same Divine nature and substance.

 

30 Question:   Can we fully understand how the three Divine

Persons are one and the same God?

Anwser:  We cannot fully understand how the three Divine Persons are one and the same

God, because this is a mystery.

 

31 Question:   What is a mystery?

Anwser:  A mystery is a truth which we cannot fully understand.

 

LESSON FOURTH: ON CREATION

 

32 Question:   Who created heaven and earth, and all

things?

Anwser:  God created heaven and earth, and all things.

 

33 Question:   How did God create heaven and earth?

Anwser:  God created heaven and earth from nothing by His word only; that is, by a

single act of His all-powerful will.

 

34 Question:  Which are the chief creatures of God?

Anwser:  The chief creatures of God are angels and men.

 

33 Question:   What are angels?

Anwser:  Angels are pure spirits without a body, created to adore and enjoy

God in heaven.

 

36 Question:   Were the angels created for any other

purpose?

Anwser:  The angels were also created to assist before the throne of God and

to minister unto Him; they have often been sent as messengers from God to man;

and are also appointed our guardians.

 

37 Question:   Were the angels, as God created them, good and

happy?

Anwser:  The angels, as God created them, were good and happy.

 

38 Question:   Did all the angels remain good and happy?

Anwser:  All the angels did not remain good and happy; many of them sinned and were

cast into hell, and these are called devils or bad angels.

 

LESSON FIFTH: ON OUR FIRST PARENTS AND THE FALL

 

39 Question:   Who were the first man and woman?

Anwser:  The first man and woman were Adam and Eve.

 

40 Question:   Were Adam and Eve innocent and holy when they

came from the hand of God?

Anwser:  Adam and Eve were innocent and holy when they came from the hand of

God.

 

41 Question:   Did God give any command to Adam and Eve?

Anwser:  To try their obedience God commanded Adam and Eve not to eat of a

certain fruit which grew in the garden of Paradise.

 

42 Question:  Which were the chief blessings intended for Adam

and Eve had they remained faithful to God?

Anwser:  The chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve, had they remained

faithful to God, were a constant state of happiness in this life and

everlasting glory in the next.

 

43 Question:   Did Adam and Eve remain faithful to God?

Anwser:  Adam and Eve did not remain faithful to God; but broke His command by

eating the forbidden fruit.

 

44 Question:   What befell Adam and Eve on account of their

sin?

Anwser:  Adam and Eve, on account of their sin, lost innocence and holiness,

and were doomed to sickness and death.

 

45 Question:   What evil befell us on account of the

disobedience of our first parents?

Anwser:  On account of the disobedience of our first parents, we all share in

their sin and punishment, as we should have shared in their happiness if they

had remained faithful.

 

46 Question:   What other effects followed from the sin of our

first parents?

Anwser:  Our nature was corrupted by the sin of our first parents, which darkened our

understanding, weakened our will, and left in us a strong inclination to evil.

 

47 Question:   What is the sin called which we inherit from our

first parents?

Anwser:  The sin which we inherit from our first parents is called original

sin.

 

48 Question:   Why is this sin called original?

Anwser:  This sin is called original because it comes down to us from our

first parents, and we are brought into the world with its guilt on our soul.

 

49 Question:   Does this corruption of our nature remain in us

after original sin is forgiven?

Anwser:  This corruption of our nature and other punishments remain in us

after original sin is forgiven.

 

50 Question:   Was any one ever preserved from original

sin?

Anwser:  The Blessed Virgin Mary, through the merits of her Divine Son, was preserved

free from the guilt of original sin, and this privilege is called her

Immaculate Conception.

 

LESSON SIXTH: ON SIN AND ITS KINDS

 

51 Question:   Is original sin the only kind of sin?

Anwser:  Original sin is not the only kind of sin; there is another kind of

sin, which we commit ourselves, called actual sin.

 

52 Question:   What is actual sin?

Anwser:  Actual sin is any willful thought, word, deed, or omission contrary

to the law of God.

 

53 Question:   How many kinds of actual sin are there?

Anwser:  There are two kinds of actual sin-mortal and venial.

 

54 Question:   What is mortal sin?

Anwser:  Mortal sin is a grievous offense against the law of God.

 

55 Question:   Why is this sin called mortal?

Anwser:  This sin is called mortal because it deprives us of spiritual life,

which is sanctifying grace, and brings everlasting death and damnation on the

soul.

 

56 Question:   How many things are necessary to make a sin

mortal?

Anwser:  To make a sin mortal three things are necessary: a grievous matter,

sufficient reflection, and full consent of the will.

 

57 Question:   What is venial sin?

Anwser:  Venial sin is a slight offense against the law of God in matters of less

importance, or in matters of great importance it is an offense committed

without sufficient reflection or full consent of the will.

 

58 Question:  Which are the effects of venial sin?

Anwser:  The effects of venial sin are the lessening of the love of God in our

heart, the making us less worthy of His help, and the weakening of the power to

resist mortal sin.

 

59 Question:  Which are the chief sources of sin?

Anwser:  The chief sources of sin are seven: Pride, Covetousness, Lust, Anger,

Gluttony, Envy, and Sloth; and they are commonly called capital sins.

 

LESSON SEVENTH: ON THE INCARNATION AND REDEMPTION

 

60 Question:   Did God abandon man after he fell into

sin?

Anwser:  God did not abandon man after he fell into sin, but promised him a

Redeemer, who was to satisfy for man's sin and reopen to him the gates of

heaven.

 

61 Question:   Who is the Redeemer?

Anwser:  Our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ is the Redeemer of mankind.

 

62 Question:   What do you believe of Jesus Christ?

Anwser:  I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the second Person of the

Blessed Trinity, true God and true man.

 

63 Question:   Why is Jesus Christ true God?

Anwser:  Jesus Christ is true God because He is the true and only Son of God

the Father.

 

64 Question:   Why is Jesus Christ true man?

Anwser:  Jesus Christ is true man because He is the Son of the Blessed Virgin Mary

and has a body and soul like ours.

 

65 Question:   How many natures are there in Jesus

Christ?

Anwser:  In Jesus Christ there are two natures, the nature of God and the nature of

man.

 

66 Question:   Is Jesus Christ more than one person?

Anwser:  No, Jesus Christ is but one Divine Person.

 

67 Question:   Was Jesus Christ always God?

Anwser:  Jesus Christ was always God, as He is the second Person of the Blessed

Trinity, equal to His Father from all eternity.

 

68 Question:   Was Jesus Christ always man?

Anwser:  Jesus Christ was not always man, but became man at the time of His

Incarnation.

 

69 Question:   What do you mean by the Incarnation?

Anwser:  By the Incarnation I mean that the Son of God was made man.

 

70 Question:   How was the Son of God made man?

Anwser:  The Son of God was conceived and made man by the power of the Holy Ghost, in

the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

 

71 Question:   Is the Blessed Virgin Mary truly the Mother of

God?

Anwser:  The Blessed Virgin Mary is truly the Mother of God, because the same Divine

Person who is the Son of God is also the Son of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

 

72 Question:   Did the Son of God become man immediately after

the sin of our first parents?

Anwser:  The Son of God did not become man immediately after the sin of our first

parents, but was promised to them as a Redeemer.

 

73 Question:   How could they be saved who lived before the Son

of God became man?

Anwser:  They who lived before the Son of God became man could be saved by believing

in a Redeemer to come, and by keeping the commandments.

 

74 Question:   On what day was the Son of God conceived and

made man?

Anwser:  The Son of God was conceived and made man on Annunciation day-the day on

which the Angel Gabriel announced to the Blessed Virgin Mary that she was to be

the Mother of God.

 

75 Question:   On what day was Christ born?

Anwser:  Christ was born on Christmas day in a stable at Bethlehem, over

nineteen hundred years ago.

 

76 Question:   How long did Christ live on earth?

Anwser:  Christ lived on earth about thirty-three years, and led a most holy

life in poverty and suffering.

 

77 Question:   Why did Christ live so long on earth?

Anwser:  Christ lived so long on earth to show us the way to heaven by His

teachings and example.

 

LESSON EIGHTH: ON OUR LORD'S PASSION, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION

 

78 Question:   What did Jesus Christ suffer?

Anwser:  Jesus Christ suffered a bloody sweat, a cruel scourging, was crowned with

thorns, and was crucified.

 

79 Question:   On what day did Christ die?

Anwser:  Christ died on Good Friday.

 

80 Question:   Why do you call that day "good" on which Christ

died so sorrowful a death?

Anwser:  We call that day "good" on which Christ died because by His death He showed

His great love for man, and purchased for him every blessing.

 

81 Question:  Where did Christ die?

Anwser:  Christ died on Mount Calvary.

 

82 Question:   How did Christ die?

Anwser:  Christ was nailed to the Cross and died on it between two

thieves.

 

83 Question:   Why did Christ suffer and die?

Anwser:  Christ suffered and died for our sins.

 

84 Question:   What lessons do we learn from the sufferings and

death of Christ?

Anwser:  From the sufferings and death of Christ we learn the great evil of

sin, the hatred God bears to it, and the necessity of satisfying for it.

 

85 Question:  Where did Christ's soul go after His

death?

Anwser:  After Christ's death His soul descended into hell.

 

86 Question:   Did Christ's soul descend into the hell of the

damned?

Anwser:  The hell into which Christ's soul descended was not the hell of the damned,

but a place or state of rest called Limbo, where the souls of the just were

waiting for Him.

 

87 Question:   Why did Christ descend into Limbo?

Anwser:  Christ descended into Limbo to preach to the souls who were in

prison-that is, to announce to them the joyful tidings of their redemption.

 

88 Question:  Where was Christ's body while His soul was in

Limbo?

Anwser:  While Christ's soul was in Limbo His body was in the holy sepulchre.

 

89 Question:   On what day did Christ rise from the

dead?

Anwser:  Christ rose from the dead, glorious and immortal, on Easter Sunday,

the third day after His death.

 

90 Question:   How long did Christ stay on earth after His

resurrection?

Anwser:  Christ stayed on earth forty days after His resurrection to show that

He was truly risen from the dead, and to instruct His Apostles.

 

91 Question:  After Christ had remained forty days on earth

whither did He go?

Anwser:  After forty days Christ ascended into heaven, and the day on which He

ascended into heaven is called Ascension day.

 

92 Question:  Where is Christ in heaven?

Anwser:  In heaven Christ sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty.

 

93 Question:   What do you mean by saying that Christ sits at

the right hand Of God?

Anwser:  When I say that Christ sits at the right hand of God I mean that

Christ as God is equal to His Father in all things, and that as man He is in

the highest place in heaven next to God.

 

LESSON NINTH: ON THE HOLY GHOST AND HIS DESCENT UPON THE APOSTLES

 

94 Question:   Who is the Holy Ghost?

Anwser:  he Holy Ghost is the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

 

95 Question:   From whom does the Holy Ghost proceed?

Anwser:  The Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and the Son.

 

96 Question:   Is the Holy Ghost equal to the Father and the

Son?

Anwser:  The Holy Ghost is equal to the Father and the Son, being the same

Lord and God as They are.

 

97 Question:   On what day did the Holy Ghost come down upon the

Apostles?

Anwser:  The Holy Ghost came down upon the Apostles ten days after the

Ascension of our Lord; and the day on which He came down upon the Apostles is

called Whitsunday, or Pentecost.

 

98 Question:   How did the Holy Ghost come down upon the

Apostles?

Anwser:  The Holy Ghost came down upon the Apostles in the form of tongues of

fire.

 

99 Question:   Who sent the Holy Ghost upon the

Apostles?

Anwser:  Our Lord Jesus Christ sent the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles.

 

100 Question:   Why did Christ send the Holy Ghost?

Anwser:  Christ sent the Holy Ghost to sanctify His Church, to enlighten and

strengthen the Apostles, and to enable them to preach the Gospel.

 

101 Question:  Will the Holy Ghost abide with the Church

forever?

Anwser:  The Holy Ghost will abide with the Church forever, and guide it in

the way of holiness and truth.

 

LESSON TENTH: ON THE EFFECTS OF THE REDEMPTION

 

102 Question:  Which are the chief effects of the

Redemption?

Anwser:  The chief effects of the Redemption are two: The satisfaction of God's '

justice by Christ's sufferings and death, and the gaining of grace for men.

 

103 Question:  What do you mean by grace?

Anwser:  By grace I mean a supernatural gift of God bestowed on us, through the

merits of Jesus Christ, for our salvation.

 

104 Question:   How many kinds of grace are there?

Anwser:  There are two kinds of grace, sanctifying grace and actual grace.

 

105 Question:  What is sanctifying grace?

Anwser: Sanctifying grace is that grace which makes the soul holy and pleasing to

God.

 

106 Question:  What do you call those graces or gifts of God by

which we believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him?

Anwser:  Those graces or gifts of God by which we believe in Him, and hope in Him,

and love Him, are called the Divine virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity.

 

107 Question:  What is Faith?

Anwser:  Faith is a Divine virtue by which we firmly believe the truths which God has

revealed.

 

108 Question:  What is Hope?

Anwser:  Hope is a Divine virtue by which we firmly trust that God will give us

eternal life and the means to obtain it.

 

109 Question:  What is Charity?

Anwser:  Charity is a Divine virtue by which we love God above all things for His own

sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.

 

110 Question:  What is actual grace?

Anwser:  Actual grace is that help of God which enlightens our mind and moves our

will to shun evil and do good.

 

111 Question:   Is grace necessary to salvation?

Anwser:  Grace is necessary to salvation, because without grace we can do nothing to

merit heaven.

 

112 Question:   Can we resist the grace of God?

Anwser:  We can and unfortunately often do resist the grace of God.

 

113 Question:  What is the grace of perseverance?

Anwser:  The grace of perseverance is a particular gift of God which enables us to

continue in the state of grace till death.

 

LESSON ELEVENTH: ON THE CHURCH

 

114 Question:  Which are the means instituted by our Lord to

enable men at all times to share in the fruits of the Redemption?

Anwser:  The means instituted by our Lord to enable men at all times to share

in the fruits of His Redemption are the Church and the Sacraments.

 

115 Question:  What is the Church?

Anwser:  The Church is the congregation of all those who profess the faith of Christ,

partake of the same Sacraments, and are governed by their lawful pastors under

one visible head.

 

116 Question:   Who is the invisible Head of the Church?

Anwser:  Jesus Christ is the invisible Head of the Church.

 

117 Question:   Who is the visible Head of the Church?

Anwser:  Our Holy Father the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, is the Vicar of Christ

on earth and the visible Head of the Church.

 

118 Question:   Why is the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, the visible

Head of the Church?

Anwser:  The Pope, the Bishop of Rome, is the visible Head of the Church because lie

is the successor of St. Peter, whom Christ made the chief of the Apostles and

the visible Head of the Church.

 

119 Question:   Who are the successors of the other

Apostles?

Anwser:  The successors of the other Apostles are the bishops of the Holy Catholic

Church.

 

120 Question:   Why did Christ found the Church?

Anwser:  Christ founded the Church to teach, govern, sanctify, and save all

men.

 

121 Question:   Are all bound to belong to the Church?

Anwser:  All are bound to belong to the Church, and he who knows the Church to

be the true Church and remains out of it cannot be saved.

 

LESSON TWELFTH: ON THE ATTRIBUTES AND MARKS OF THE CHURCH

 

122 Question:  Which are the attributes of the Church?

Anwser:  The attributes of the Church are three: authority infallibility, and

indefectibility.

 

123 Question:  What do you mean by the authority of the

Church?

Anwser:  By the authority of the Church I mean the right and power which the Pope and

the bishops, as the successors of the Apostles, have to teach and to govern the

faithful.

 

124 Question:  What do you mean by the infallibility of the

Church?

Anwser:  By the infallibility of the Church I mean that the Church cannot err when it

teaches a doctrine of faith or morals.

 

125 Question:  When does the Church teach infallibly?

Anwser:  The Church teaches infallibly when it speaks through the Pope and the

bishops, united in general council, or through the Pope alone when he proclaims

to all the faithful a doctrine of faith or morals.

 

126 Question:  What o you mean by the indefectibility of the

Church?

Anwser:  By the indefectibility of the Church I mean that the Church, as Christ

founded it, will last till the end of time.

 

127 Question:   In whom are these attributes found in their

fullness?

Anwser:  These attributes are found in their fullness in the Pope, the visible Head

of the Church, whose infallible authority to teach bishops, priests, and people

in matters of faith or morals will last till the end of the world.

 

128 Question:   Has the Church any marks by which it may be

known?

Anwser:  The Church has four marks by which it may be known: it is One; it is Holy;

it is Catholic; it is Apostolic.

 

129 Question:   How is the Church One?

Anwser:  The Church is One because all its members agree in one faith, are all in one

communion, and are all under one Head.

 

130 Question:   How is the Church Holy?

Anwser:  The Church is Holy because its founder, Jesus Christ, is holy; because it

teaches a holy doctrine; invites all to a holy life; and because of the eminent

holiness of so many thousands of its children.

 

131 Question:   How is the Church Catholic or

universal?

Anwser:  The Church is Catholic or universal because it subsists in all ages, teaches

all nations, and maintains all truth.

 

132 Question:   How is the Church Apostolic?

Anwser:  The Church is Apostolic because it was founded by Christ on His Apostles,

and is governed by their lawful successors, and because it has never ceased,

and never will cease, to teach their doctrine.

 

133 Question:   In which Church are these attributes and marks

found?

Anwser:  These attributes and marks are found in the Holy Roman Catholic Church alone.

 

134 Question:  From whom does the Church derive its undying

life and infallible authority?

Anwser:  The Church derives its undying life and infallible authority from the Holy

Ghost, the spirit of truth, who abides with it forever.

 

135 Question:   By whom is the Church made and kept One, Holy,

and Catholic?

Anwser:  The Church is made and kept One, Holy, and Catholic by the Holy Ghost, the

spirit of love and holiness, who unites and sanctifies its members throughout

the world.

 

LESSON THIRTEENTH: ON THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL

 

136 Question:  What is a Sacrament?

Anwser:  A Sacrament is an outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace.

 

137 Question:   How many Sacraments are there?

Anwser:  There are seven Sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist,

Penance, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.

 

138 Question:   Whence have the Sacraments the power of giving

grace?

Anwser:  The Sacraments have the power of giving grace from the merits of

Jesus Christ.

 

139 Question:  What grace do the Sacraments give?

Anwser:  Some of the Sacraments give sanctifying grace, and others increase

it in our souls.

 

140 Question:  Which are the Sacraments that give sanctifying

grace?

Anwser:  The Sacraments that give sanctifying grace are Baptism and Penance; and they

are called Sacraments of the dead.

 

141 Question:   Why are Baptism and Penance called Sacraments of

the dead?

Anwser:  Baptism and Penance are called Sacraments of the dead, because they take

away sin, which is the death of the soul, and give grace, which is its life.

 

142 Question:  Which are the Sacraments that increase

sanctifying grace in our soul?

Anwser:  The Sacraments that increase sanctifying grace in our soul are:

Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony; and

they are called Sacraments of the living.

 

143 Question:   Why are Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Extreme

Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony called Sacraments of the living?

Anwser: Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and

Matrimony are called Sacraments of the living, because those who receive them

worthily are already living the life of grace.

 

144 Question:  What sin does he commit who receives the

Sacraments of the living in mortal sin?

Anwser:  He who receives the Sacraments of the living in mortal sin commits a

sacrilege, which is a great sin, because it is an abuse of a sacred thing.

 

145 Question:  Besides sanctifying grace do the Sacraments

give any other grace?

Anwser:  Besides sanctifying grace the Sacraments give another grace, called

sacramental.

 

146 Question:  What is sacramental grace?

Anwser: Sacramental grace is a special help which God gives, to attain the

end for which He instituted each Sacrament.

 

147 Question:   Do the Sacraments always give grace?

Anwser:  The Sacraments always give grace, if we receive them with the right

dispositions.

 

148 Question:   Can we receive the Sacraments more than

once?

Anwser:  We can receive the Sacraments more than once, except Baptism.

Confirmation, and Holy Orders.

 

149 Question:   Why can we not receive Baptism, Confirmation,

and Holy Orders more than once?

Anwser:  We cannot receive Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders more than

once, because they imprint a character in the soul.

 

150 Question:  What is the character which these Sacraments

imprint in the soul?

Anwser:  The character which these Sacraments imprint in the soul is a

spiritual mark which remains forever.

 

151 Question:  Does this character remain in the soul even

after death?

Anwser:  This character remains in the soul even after death: for the honor

and glory of those who are saved; for the shame and punishment of those who are

lost.

 

LESSON FOURTEENTH: ON BAPTISM

 

152 Question:  What is Baptism?

Anwser:  Baptism is a Sacrament which cleanses us from original sin, makes us

Christians, children of God, and heirs of heaven.

 

153.               Q  Are actual sins ever remitted by Baptism?

Anwser:  Actual sins and all the punishment due to them are remitted by

Baptism, if the person baptized be guilty of any.

 

154 Question:   Is Baptism necessary to salvation?

Anwser:  Baptism is necessary to salvation, because without it we cannot enter

into the kingdom of heaven.

 

155 Question:   Who can administer Baptism?

Anwser:  The priest is the ordinary minister of Baptism; but in case of

necessity any one who has the use of reason  may baptize.

 

156 Question:   How is Baptism given?

Anwser:  Whoever baptizes should pour water on the head of the person to be

baptized, and say, while pouring the water: I baptize thee in the name of

the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

 

157 Question:   How many kinds of Baptism are there?

Anwser:  There are three kinds of Baptism: Baptism of water, of desire, and of

blood.

 

158 Question:  What is Baptism of water?

Anwser:  Baptism of water is that which is given by pouring water on the head

of the person to be baptized, and saying at the same time: I baptize thee in

the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

 

159 Question:  What is Baptism of desire?

Anwser:  Baptism of desire is an ardent wish to receive Baptism, and to do all

that God has ordained for our salvation.

 

160 Question:  What is Baptism of blood?

Anwser:  Baptism of blood is the shedding of one's blood for the faith of Christ.

 

161 Question:   Is Baptism of desire or of blood sufficient to

produce the effects of Baptism of water?

Anwser:  Baptism of desire or of blood is sufficient to produce the effects of

the Baptism of water, if it is impossible to receive the Baptism of water.

 

162 Question:  What do we promise in Baptism?

Anwser:  In Baptism we promise to renounce the devil with all his works and

pomps.

 

163 Question:   Why is the name of a saint given in

Baptism?

Anwser:  The name of a saint is given in Baptism in order that the person

baptized may imitate his virtues and have him for a protector.

 

164 Question:   Why are godfathers and godmothers given in

Baptism?

Anwser:  Godfathers and godmothers are given in Baptism in order that they may

promise, in the name of the child, what the child itself would promise if it

had the use of reason.

 

165 Question:  What is the obligation of a godfather and a

godmother?

Anwser:  The obligation of a godfather and a godmother is to instruct the

child in its religious duties, if the parents neglect to do so or die.

 

LESSON FIFTEENTH: ON CONFIRMATION

 

166 Question:  What is Confirmation?

Anwser: Confirmation is a Sacrament through which we receive the Holy Ghost to make

us strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ.

 

167 Question:   Who administers Confirmation?

Anwser:  The bishop is the ordinary minister of Confirmation.

 

168 Question:   How does the bishop give Confirmation?

Anwser:  The bishop extends his hands over those who are to be confirmed,

prays that they may receive the Holy Ghost, and anoints the forehead of each

with holy chrism in the form of a cross.

 

169 Question:  What is holy chrism?

Anwser:  Holy chrism is a mixture of olive-oil and balm, consecrated by the

bishop.

 

170 Question:  What does the bishop say in anointing the person

he confirms?

Anwser:  In anointing the person he confirms the bishop says: I sign thee

with the sign of the cross, and I confirm thee with the chrism of salvation, in

the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

 

171 Question:  What is meant by anointing the forehead with

chrism in the form of a cross?

Anwser:  By anointing the forehead with chrism in the form of a cross is

meant, that the Christian who is confirmed must openly profess and practice his

faith, never be ashamed of it, and rather die than deny it.

 

172 Question:   Why does the bishop give the person he confirms

a slight blow on the cheek?

Anwser:  The bishop gives the person he confirms a slight blow on the cheek,

to put him in mind that he must be ready to suffer everything, even death, for

the sake of Christ.

 

173 Question:   To receive Confirmation worthily is it necessary

to be in the state of grace?

Anwser:  To receive Confirmation worthily it is necessary to be in the state

of grace.

 

174 Question:  What special preparation should be made to

receive Confirmation?

Anwser:  Persons of an age to learn should know the chief mysteries of faith

and the duties of a Christian, and be instructed in the nature and effects of

this Sacrament.

 

175 Question:   Is it a sin to neglect Confirmation?

Anwser:  It is a sin to neglect Confirmation, especially in these evil days

when faith and morals are exposed to so many and such violent temptations.

 

LESSON SIXTEENTH: ON THE GIFTS AND FRUITS OF THE HOLY GHOST

 

176 Question:  Which are the effects of Confirmation?

Anwser:  The effects of Confirmation are an increase of sanctifying grace, the

strengthening of our faith, and the gifts of the Holy Ghost.

 

177 Question:  Which are the gifts of the Holy Ghost?

Anwser:  The gifts of the Holy Ghost are Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel,

Fortitude, Knowledge, Piety and Fear of the Lord.

 

178 Question:   Why do we receive the gift of Fear of the

Lord?

Anwser:  We receive the gift of Fear of the Lord to fill us with a dread of

sin.

 

179 Question:   Why do we receive the gift of Piety?

Anwser:  We receive the gift of Piety to make us love God as a Father and obey

Him because we love Him.

 

180 Question:   Why do we receive the gift of KnowIedge?

Anwser:  We receive the gift of Knowledge to enable us to discover the will of

God in all things.

 

181 Question:   Why do we receive the gift of Fortitude?

Anwser:  We receive the gift of Fortitude to strengthen us to do the will of

God in all things.

 

182.               Q   Why do we receive the gift of Counsel?

Anwser:  We receive the gift of Counsel to warn us of the deceits of the

devil, and of the dangers to salvation.

 

183 Question:   Why do we receive the gift of

Understanding?

Anwser:  We receive the gift of Understanding to enable us to know more

clearly the mysteries of faith.

 

184 Question:   Why do we receive the gift of Wisdom?

Anwser:  We receive the gift of Wisdom to give us a relish for the things of

God, and to direct our whole life and all our actions to His honor and glory.

 

185 Question:  Which are the Beatitudes?

Anwser:  The Beatitudes are:

 

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Blessed are the meek, for they shall possess the land.

Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted.

Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice, for they shall be

filled.

Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.

Blessed are the clean of heart, for they shall see God.

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God.

Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice sake, for theirs is

the kingdom of heaven.

 

186 Question:  Which are the twelve fruits of the Holy

Ghost?

Anwser:  The twelve fruits of the Holy Ghost are Charity, Joy, Peace, Patience,

Benignity, Goodness, Long-suffering, Mildness, Faith, Modesty, Continency, and

Chastity.

 

LESSON SEVENTEENTH: ON THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE

 

187 Question:  What is the Sacrament of Penance?

Anwser:  Penance is a Sacrament in which the sins committed after Baptism are

forgiven.

 

188 Question:   How does the Sacrament of Penance remit sin, and

restore to the soul the friendship of God?

Anwser:  The Sacrament of Penance remits sins and restores the friendship of God to

the soul by means of the absolution of the priest.

 

189 Question:   How do you know that the priest has the power of

absolving from the sins committed after Baptism?

Anwser:  I know that the priest has the power of absolving from the sins committed

after Baptism, because Jesus Christ granted that power to the priests of His

Church when He said: "Receive ye the Holy Ghost.  Whose sins you shall

forgive, they are forgiven them; whose sins you shall retain, they are

retained."

 

190 Question:   How do the priests of the Church exercise the

power of forgiving sins?

Anwser:  The priests of the Church exercise the power of forgiving sins by hearing

the confession of sins, and granting pardon for them as ministers of God and in

His name.

 

191 Question:  What must we do to receive the Sacrament of

Penance worthily?

Anwser:  To receive the Sacrament of Penance worthily we must do five things:

 

We must examine our conscience.

We must have sorrow for our sins.

We must make a firm resolution never more to offend God.

We must confess our sins to the priest.

We must accept the penance which the priest gives us.

 

192 Question:   What is the examination of conscience?

Anwser:  The examination of conscience is an earnest effort to recall to mind all the

sins we have committed since our last worthy confession.

 

193 Question:   How can we make a good examination of

conscience?

Anwser:  We can make a good examination of conscience by calling to memory the

commandments of God, the precepts of the Church, the seven capital sins, and

the particular duties of our state in life, to find out the sins we have

committed.

 

194 Question:  What should we do before beginning the

examination of conscience?

Anwser:  Before beginning the examination of conscience we should pray to God to give

us light to know our sins and grace to detest them.

 

LESSON EIGHTEENTH: ON CONTRITION

 

195 Question:  What is Contrition, or sorrow for sin?

Anwser: Contrition, or sorrow for sin, is a hatred of sin and a true grief of

the soul for having offended God, with a firm purpose of sinning no more.

 

196 Question:  What kind of sorrow should we have for our

sins?

Anwser:  The sorrow we should have for our sins should be interior,

supernatural, universal, and sovereign.

 

197 Question:  What do you mean by saying that our sorrow

should be interior?

Anwser:  When I say that our sorrow should be interior, I mean that it should

come from the heart, and not merely from the lips.

 

198 Question:  What do you mean by saying that our sorrow

should be supernatural?

Anwser:  When I say that our sorrow should be supernatural, I mean that it

should be prompted by the grace of God, and excited by motives which spring

from faith, and not by merely natural motives.

 

199 Question:  What do you mean by saying that our sorrow

should be universal?

Anwser:  When I say that our sorrow should be universal, I mean that we should

be sorry for all our mortal sins without exception.

 

200 Question:  What do you mean when you say that our sorrow

should be sovereign?

Anwser:  When I say that our sorrow should be sovereign, I mean that we should

grieve more for having offended God than for any other evil that can befall us.

 

201 Question:   Why should we be sorry for our sins?

Anwser:  We should be sorry for our sins, because sin is the greatest of evils

and an offense against God our Creator, Preserver, and Redeemer, and because it

shuts us out of heaven and condemns us to the eternal pains of hell.

 

202 Question:   How many ]kinds of contrition are there?

Anwser:  There are two kinds of contrition: perfect contrition and imperfect

contrition.

 

203 Question:  What is perfect contrition?

Anwser:  Perfect contrition is that which fills us with sorrow and hatred for

sin, because it offends God, who is infinitely good in Himself and worthy of

all love.

 

204 Question:  What is imperfect contrition?

Anwser:  Imperfect contrition is that by which we hate what offends God,

because by it we lose heaven and deserve hell; or because sin is so hateful in

itself.

 

205 Question:   Is imperfect contrition sufficient for a worthy

confession?

Anwser:  Imperfect contrition is sufficient for a worthy confession, but we

should endeavor to have perfect contrition.

 

206 Question:  What do you mean by a firm purpose of sinning

no more?

Anwser:  By a firm purpose of sinning no more I mean a fixed resolve not only

to avoid all mortal sin, but also its near occasions.

 

207 Question:  What do you mean by the near occasions of

sin?

Anwser:  By the near occasions of sin I mean all the persons, places, and

things that may easily lead us into sin.

 

LESSON NINETEENTH: ON CONFESSION

 

208 Question:  What is Confession?

Anwser:  Confession is the telling of our sins to a duly authorized priest,

for the purpose of obtaining forgiveness.

 

209 Question:  What sins are we bound to confess?

Anwser:  We are bound to confess all our mortal sins. but it is well also to

confess our venial sins.

 

210 Question:  Which are the chief qualities of a good

Confession?

Anwser:  The chief qualities of a good Confession are three: it must be

humble, sincere, and entire.

 

211 Question:  When is our Confession humble?

Anwser:  Our Confession is humble, when we accuse our selves of our sins, with

a deep sense of shame and sorrow for having offended God.

 

212 Question:  When is our Confession sincere?

Anwser:  Our Confession is sincere, when we tell our sins honestly and

truthfully, neither exaggerating nor excusing them.

 

213 Question:  When is our Confession entire?

Anwser:  Our Confession is entire, when we tell the number and kinds of our

sins and the circumstances which change their nature.

 

214 Question:  What should we do if we cannot remember the

number of our sins?

Anwser:  If we cannot remember the number of our sins, we should tell the

number as nearly as possible, and say how often we may have sinned in a day, a

week, or a month, and how long the habit or practice has lasted.

 

215 Question:   Is our Confession worthy if, without our fault,

we forget to confess a mortal sin?

Anwser:  If without our fault we forget to confess a mortal sin, Tour

Confession is worthy, and the sin is forgiven; but it must be told in

Confession if it again comes to our mind.

 

216 Question:   Is it a grievous offense willfully to conceal a

mortal sin in Confession?

Anwser:  It is a grievous offense willfully to conceal a mortal sin in

Confession, because we thereby tell a lie to the Holy Ghost, and make our

Confession worthless.

 

217 Question:  What must he do who has willfully concealed a

mortal sin in Confession?

Anwser:  He who has willfully concealed a mortal sin in Confession must not

only confess it, but must also repeat all the sins he has committed since his

last worthy Confession.

 

218 Question:   Why does the priest give us a penance after

Confession?

Anwser:  The priest gives us a penance after Confession, that we may satisfy

God for the temporal punishment due to our sins.

 

219 Question:  Does not the Sacrament of Penance remit all

punishment duo to sin?

Anwser:  The Sacrament of Penance remits the eternal punishment due to sin,

but it does not always remit the temporal punishment which God requires as

satisfaction for our sins.

 

220 Question:   Why does God require a temporal punishment as a

satisfaction for sin?

Anwser:  God requires a temporal punishment as a satisfaction for sin, to

teach us the great evil of sin and to prevent us from falling again.

 

221 Question:  Which are the chief means by which we satisfy

God for the temporal punishment due to sin?

Anwser:  The chief means by which we satisfy God for the temporal punishment

due to sin are: Prayer, Fasting, Almsgiving, all spiritual and corporal works

of mercy, and the patient suffering of the ills of life.

 

222 Question: Which are the chief spiritual works of

mercy?

Anwser:  The chief spiritual works of mercy are seven: To admonish the sinner,

to instruct the ignorant, to counsel the doubtful, to comfort the sorrowful, to

bear wrongs patiently, to forgive all injuries, and to pray for the living and

the dead.

 

223 Question:  Which are the chief corporal works of

mercy?

Anwser:  The chief corporal works of mercy are seven: To feed the hungry, to give

drink to the thirsty, to clothe the naked, to ransom the captive, to harbor the

harborless, to visit the sick, and to bury the dead.

 

LESSON TWENTIETH: ON THE MANNER OF MAKING A GOOD CONFESSION

 

224 Question:  What should we do on entering the

confessional?

Anwser:  On entering the confessional we should kneel, make the sign of the

Cross, and say to the priest, Bless me, Father; then add, I confess to Almighty

God and to you, Father, that I have sinned.

 

225 Question: Which are the first things we should tell. the

priest in Confession?

Anwser:  The first things we should tell the priest in Confession are the time

of our last Confession, and whether we said the penance and went to Holy

Communion.

 

226 Question: After telling the time of our last Confession and

Communion what should we do?

Anwser:  After telling the time of our last Confession and Communion we should

confess all the mortal sins we have since committed, and all the venial sins we

may wish to mention.

 

227 Question:  What must we do when the confessor asks us

questions?

Anwser:  When the confessor asks us questions we must answer them truthfully

and clearly.

 

228 Question:  What should we do after telling our sins?

A. After telling our sins we should listen with attention to the advice

which the confessor may think proper to give.

 

229 Question:  How should we and our Confession?

Anwser:  We should end our Confession by saying, I also accuse myself of

all the sins of my past life, telling, if we choose, one or several of our

past sins.

 

230 Question:  What should we do while the priest is giving us

absolution?

A. While the priest is giving us absolution we should from our heart

renew the Act of Contrition.

 

LESSON TWENTY-FIRST: ON INDULGENCES

 

231 Question:  What is an Indulgence?

Anwser:  An Indulgence is the remission in whole or in part of the temporal

punishment due to sin.

 

232 Question:  Is an Indulgence a pardon of sin, or a license to

commit sin?

Anwser:  An Indulgence is not a pardon of sin, nor a license to commit sin,

and one who is in a state of mortal sin cannot gain an Indulgence.

 

233 Question:  How many kinds of Indulgences are there?

Anwser:  There are two kinds of Indulgences-Plenary and Partial.

 

234 Question:  What is a Plenary Indulgence?

Anwser:  A Plenary Indulgence is the full remission of the temporal punishment

due to sin.

 

235 Question:  What is a Partial Indulgence?

Anwser:  A Partial Indulgence is the remission of a part of the temporal

punishment due to sin.

 

236 Question:  How does the Church by means of Indulgences remit

the temporal punishment due to sin?

Anwser:  The Church by means of Indulgences remits the temporal punishment due

to sin by applying to us the merits of Jesus Christ, and the superabundant

satisfactions of the Blessed Virgin Mary and of the saints; which merits and

satisfactions are its spiritual treasury.

 

237 Question:  What must we do to gain an Indulgence?

Anwser:  To gain an Indulgence we must be in the state of grace and perform

the works enjoined.

 

LESSON TWENTY-SECOND: ON THE HOLY EUCHARIST

 

238 Question:  What is the Holy Eucharist?

Anwser:  The Holy Eucharist is the Sacrament which contains the body and

blood, soul and divinity, of our Lord Jesus Christ under the appearances of

bread and wine.

 

239 Question:  When did Christ institute the Holy

Eucharist?

Anwser:  Christ instituted the Holy Eucharist at the Last Supper, the night

before He died.

 

240 Question:  Who were present when our Lord instituted the

Holy Eucharist?

Anwser:  When our Lord instituted the Holy Eucharist the twelve Apostles were

present.

 

241 Question:  How did our Lord institute the Holy

Eucharist?

Anwser:  Our Lord instituted the Holy Eucharist by taking bread, blessing,

breaking, and giving to His Apostles, saying: Take ye and eat.  This is My

body; and then by taking the cup of wine, blessing and giving it,

saying to them: Drink ye all of this.  This is My blood which shall be shed

for the remission of Sins.  Do this for a commemoration of Me.

 

242 Question:  What happened when our Lord said, This is My

body; this is My blood?

Anwser:  When our Lord said, This is My body, the substance of the

bread was changed into the substance of His body; when He said, This is

My blood, the substance of the wine was changed into the substance of

His blood.

 

243 Question:  Is Jesus Christ whole and entire both under the

form of bread and under the form of wine?

Anwser:  Jesus Christ is whole and entire both under the form of bread and

Under the form of wine.

 

244 Question:  Did anything remain of the bread and wine after

their substance had been changed into the substance of the body and blood of

our Lord?

Anwser:  After the substance of the bread and wine had been changed into the

substance of the body and blood of our Lord there remained only the appearances

of bread and wine.

 

245 Question:  What do you mean by the appearances of bread and

wine?

Anwser:  By the appearances of bread and wine I mean the figure, the color,

the taste, and whatever appears to the senses.

 

246 Question:  What is this change of the bread and wine into

the body and blood of our Lord called?

A. This change of the bread and wine into the body and blood of our Lord

is called Transubstantiation.

 

247 Question:  How was the substance of the bread and wine

changed into the substance of the body and blood of Christ?

A. The substance of the bread and wine was changed into the

substance of the body and blood of Christ by His almighty power.

 

248 Question:  Does this change of bread and wine into the body

and blood of Christ continue to be made in the Church?

Anwser:  This change of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ

continues to be made in the Church by Jesus Christ through the ministry of His

priests.

 

249 Question:  When did Christ give His priests the power to

change bread and wine into His body and blood?

Anwser:  Christ gave His priests the power to change bread and wine into His

body and blood when He said to the Apostles, Do this in commemoration of

Me.

 

250 Question:  How do the priests exercise this power of

changing broad and wine into the body and blood of Christ?

Anwser:  The priests exercise this power of changing bread and wine into the

body and blood of Christ through the words of consecration in the Mass, which

are the words of Christ: This is My body; this is My blood.

 

LESSON TWENTY-THIRD: ON THE ENDS FOR WHICH THE HOLY EUCHARIST WAS INSTITUTED

 

251 Question:  Why did Christ institute the Holy

Eucharist?

Anwser:  Christ instituted the Holy Eucharist:

 

To unite us to Himself and to nourish our soul with His divine life.

To increase sanctifying grace and all virtues in our soul.

To lessen our evil inclinations.

To be a pledge of everlasting life.

To fit our bodies for a glorious resurrection.

To continue the sacrifice of the Cross in His Church.

 

252 Question:  How are we united to Jesus Christ in the Holy

Eucharist?

Anwser:  We are united to Jesus Christ in the Holy Eucharist by means of Holy

Communion.

 

253 Question:  What is Holy Communion?

Anwser:  Holy Communion is the receiving of the body and blood of Christ.

 

254 Question:  What is necessary to make a good

Communion?

A. To make a good Communion it is necessary to be in the state of

sanctifying grace, to have a right intention, and to obey the laws of fasting.

(See Q. 257.)

 

255 Question:  Does he who receives Communion in mortal sin

receive the body and blood of Christ?

Anwser:  He who receives Communion in mortal sin receives the body and blood

of Christ, but does not receive His grace, and he commits a great sacrilege.

 

256 Question:  Is it enough to be free from mortal sin to

receive Plentifully the graces of Holy Communion?

Anwser:  To receive plentifully the graces of Holy Communion it is not enough

to be free from mortal sin, but we should be free from all affection to venial

sin, and should make acts of faith, hope, and love.

 

257 Question:  What is the fast necessary for Holy

Communion?

Anwser:  The fast necessary for Holy Communion is to abstain from all food,

beverages, and alcoholic drinks for one hour before Holy Communion.  Water may

be taken at any time. The sick may take food, non-alcoholic drinks, and any

medicine up to Communion time. *

 

* This answer has been changed in the 1977 printing to bring it up to

date with the current rules.

 

258 Question:  Is any one ever allowed to receive Holy Communion

when not fasting?

Anwser:  Any one in danger of death is allowed to receive Holy Communion when

not fasting or when it is necessary to save the Blessed Sacrament from insult

or injury.

 

259 Question:  When are we bound to receive Holy

Communion?

Anwser:  We are bound to receive Holy Communion, under pain of mortal sin,

during the Easter time and when in danger of death.

 

260 Question:  Is it well to receive Holy Communion

often?

Anwser:  It is well to receive Holy Communion often, as nothing is a greater

aid to a holy life than often to receive the Author of all grace and the Source

of all good.

 

261 Question:  What should we do after Holy Communion?

Anwser:  After Holy Communion we should spend some time in adoring our Lord,

in thanking Him for the grace we have received, and in asking Him for the

blessings we need.

 

LESSON TWENTY-FOURTH: ON THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS

 

262 Question:  When and where are the bread and wine changed

into the body and blood of Christ?

Anwser:  The bread and wine are changed into the body and blood of Christ at

the Consecration in the Mass.

 

263 Question:  What is the Mass?

Anwser:  The Mass is the unbloody sacrifice of the body and blood of Christ.

 

264 Question:  What is a sacrifice?

Anwser:  A sacrifice is the offering of an object by a priest to God alone,

and the consuming of it to acknowledge that He is the Creator and Lord of all

things.

 

265 Question:  Is the Mass the same sacrifice as that of the

Cross?

A. The Mass is the same sacrifice as that of the Cross.

 

266 Question:  How is the Mass the same sacrifice as that of the

Cross?

Anwser:  The Mass is the same sacrifice as that of the Cross because the

offering and the priest are the same-Christ our Blessed Lord; and the ends for

which the sacrifice of the Mass is offered are the same as those of the

sacrifice of the Cross.

 

267 Question:  What were the ends for which the sacrifice of the

Cross was offered?

Anwser:  The ends for which the sacrifice of the Cross was offered were:

 

To honor and glorify God;

To thank Him for all the graces bestowed on the whole world;

To satisfy God's justice for the sins of men;

To obtain all graces and blessings.

 

268 Question:  Is there any difference between the sacrifice of

the Cross and the sacrifice of the Mass?

Anwser:  Yes; the manner in which the sacrifice is offered is different.  On

the Cross Christ really shed His blood and was really slain; in the Mass there

is no real shedding of blood nor real death, because Christ can die no more;

but the sacrifice of the Mass, through the separate consecration of the bread

and the wine, represents His death on the Cross.

 

269 Question:  How should we assist at Mass?

Anwser:  We should assist at Mass with great interior recollection and piety

and with every outward mark of respect and devotion.

 

270 Question: Which is the best manner of hearing

Mass?

Anwser:  The best manner of hearing Mass is to offer it to God with the priest for

the same purpose for which it is said, to meditate on Christ's sufferings and

death, and to go to Holy Communion.

 

LESSON TWENTY-FIFTH: ON EXTREME UNCTION AND HOLY ORDERS

 

271 Question:  What is the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

Anwser:  Extreme Unction is the Sacrament which, through the anointing and

prayer of the priest, gives health and strength to the soul, and sometimes to

the body, when we are in danger of death from sickness.

 

272 Question:  When should we receive Extreme Unction?

Anwser:  We should receive Extreme Unction when we are in danger of death from

sickness, or from a wound or accident.

 

273 Question: Should we wait until we are in extreme danger

before we receive Extreme Unction?

Anwser:  We should not wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive

Extreme Unction, but if possible we should receive it whilst we have the use of

our senses.

 

274 Question: Which are the effects of the Sacrament of

Extreme Unction?

Anwser:  The effects of Extreme Unction are:

To comfort us in the pains of sickness and to strengthen us against

temptation;

To remit venial sins and to cleanse our soul from the remains of sin;

To restore us to health, when God sees fit.

 

275 Question:  What do you mean by the remains of sin?

Anwser:  By the remains of sin I mean the inclination to evil and the weakness

of the will which are the result of our sins, and which remain after our sins

have been forgiven.

 

276 Question:  How should we receive the Sacrament of Extreme

Unction?

Anwser:  We should receive the Sacrament of Extreme Unction in the state of

grace, and with lively faith and resignation to the will of God.

 

277 Question:  Who is the minister of the Sacrament of Extreme

Unction?

A. The priest is the minister of the Sacrament of Extreme

Unction.

 

278 Question:  What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders?

Anwser:  Holy Orders is a Sacrament by which bishops, priests, and other

ministers of the Church are ordained and receive the power and grace to perform

their sacred duties.

 

279 Question:  What is necessary to receive Holy orders

worthily?

Anwser:  To receive Holy Orders worthily it is necessary to be in the state of

grace, to have the necessary knowledge and a divine call to this sacred office.

 

280 Question:  How should Christians look upon the priests of

the Church?

Anwser:  Christians should look upon the priests of the Church as the

messengers of God and the dispensers of His mysteries.

 

281 Question:  Who can confer the Sacrament of Holy

Orders?

Anwser:  Bishops can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders.

 

LESSON TWENTY-SIXTH: ON MATRIMONY

 

282 Question:  What is the Sacrament of Matrimony?

Anwser:  The Sacrament of Matrimony is the Sacrament which unites a Christian

man and woman in lawful marriage.

 

283 Question:  Can a Christian man and woman be united in lawful

marriage in any other way than by the Sacrament of Matrimony?

Anwser:  A Christian man and woman cannot be united in lawful marriage in any

other way than by the Sacrament of Matrimony, because Christ raised marriage to

the dignity of a Sacrament.

 

284 Question:  Can the bond of Christian marriage be dissolved

by any human power?

Anwser:  The bond of Christian marriage cannot be dissolved by any human power.

 

285 Question: Which are the effects of the Sacrament of

Matrimony?

Anwser:  The effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony are:

 

To sanctify the love of husband and wife;

To give them grace to bear with each other's weaknesses;

To enable them to bring up their children in the fear and love of God.

 

286 Question:  To receive the Sacrament of matrimony worthily is

it necessary to be in the state of grace?

Anwser:  To receive the Sacrament of Matrimony worthily it is necessary to be

in the state of grace, and it is necessary also to comply with the laws of the

Church.

 

287 Question:  Who has the right to make laws concerning the

Sacrament of marriage?

Anwser:  The Church alone has the right to make laws concerning the Sacrament of

marriage, though the state also has the right to make laws concerning the civil

effects of the marriage contract.

 

288 Question:  Does the Church forbid the marriage of Catholics

with persons who have a different religion or no religion at all?

Anwser:  The Church does forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who

have a different religion or no religion at all.

 

289 Question:  Why does the Church forbid the marriage of

Catholics with persons who have a different religion or no religion at

all?

A. The Church forbids the marriage of Catholics with  persons who have a

different religion or no religion at all, because such marriages generally lead

to indifference, loss of faith, and to the neglect of the religious education

of the children.

 

290 Question:  Why do many marriages prove unhappy?

Anwser:  Many marriages prove unhappy because they are entered into hastily

and without worthy motives.

 

291 Question:  How should Christians prepare for a holy and

happy marriage?

Anwser:  Christians should prepare for a holy and happy marriage by receiving

the Sacraments of Penance and Holy Eucharist; by begging God to grant them a

pure intention and to direct their choice; and by seeking the advice of their

parents and the blessing of their pastors.

 

LESSON TWENTY-SEVENTH: ON THE SACRAMENTALS

 

292 Question:  What is a sacramental?

Anwser:  A sacramental is anything set apart or blessed by the Church to

excite good thoughts and to increase devotion, and through these movements of

the heart to remit venial sin.

 

293 Question:  What is the difference between the Sacraments and

the sacramentals?

Anwser:  The difference between the Sacraments and the sacramentals is:

 

The Sacraments were instituted by Jesus Christ and the sacramentals were

instituted by the Church;

The Sacraments give grace of themselves when we place no obstacle in the

way; the sacramentals excite in us pious dispositions, by means of which we may

obtain grace.

 

294 Question: Which is the chief sacramental used in the

Church?

Anwser:  The chief sacramental used in the Church is the sign of the Cross.

 

295 Question:  How do we make the sign of the Cross?

Anwser:  We make the sign of the Cross by putting the right hand to the

forehead, then on the breast, and then to the left and right shoulders, saying,

In the name of the Father and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.  Amen.

 

296 Question:  Why do we make the sign of the Cross?

Anwser:  We make the sign of the Cross to show that we are Christians and to

profess our belief in the chief mysteries of our religion.

 

297 Question:  How is the sign of the Cross a profession of

faith in the chief mysteries of our religion?

Anwser:  The sign of the Cross is a profession of faith in the chief mysteries

of our religion because it expresses the mysteries of the Unity and Trinity of

God and of the Incarnation and death of our Lord.

 

298 Question:  How does the sign of the Cross express the

mystery of the Unity and Trinity of God?

Anwser:  The words, In the name, express the Unity of God; the words

that follow, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy

Ghost, express the mystery of the Trinity.

 

299 Question:  How does the sign of the Cross express the

mystery of the Incarnation and death of our Lord?

Anwser:  The sign of the Cross expresses the mystery of the Incarnation by

reminding us that the Son of God, having become man, suffered death on the

cross.

 

300 Question:  What other sacramental is in very frequent

use?

Anwser:  Another sacramental in very frequent use is holy water.

 

301 Question:  What is holy water?

Anwser:  Holy water is water blessed by the priest with solemn prayer to beg

God's blessing on those who use it, and protection from the powers of darkness.

 

302 Question:  Are there other sacramentals besides the sign of

the Cross and holy water?

Anwser:  Besides the sign of the Cross and holy water there are many other

sacramentals, such as blessed candles, ashes, palms, crucifixes, images of the

Blessed Virgin and of the saints, rosaries, and scapulars.

 

LESSON TWENTY-EIGHTH: ON PRAYER

 

303 Question:  Is there any other means of obtaining God's grace

than the Sacraments?

Anwser:  There is another means of obtaining God's grace, and it is prayer.

 

304 Question:  What is prayer?

Anwser:  Prayer is the lifting up of our minds and hearts to God to adore Him,

to thank Him for His benefits, to ask His forgiveness, and to beg of Him all

the graces we need whether for soul or body.

 

305 Question:  Is prayer necessary to salvation?

Anwser:  Prayer is necessary to salvation, and without it no one having the

use of reason can be saved.

 

306 Question:  At what particular times should we pray?

Anwser:  We should pray particularly on Sundays and holydays, every morning

and night, in all dangers, temptations, and afflictions.

 

307 Question:  How should we pray?

Anwser:  We should pray:

 

With attention;

With a sense of our own helplessness and dependence upon God;

With a great desire for the graces we beg of God;

With trust in God's goodness;

With perseverance.

 

308 Question: Which are the prayers most recommended to

Us?

A. The prayers most recommended to us are the Lord's Prayer, the Hail

Mary, the Apostles' Creed, the Confiteor, and the Acts of Faith, Hope, Love,

and Contrition.

 

309 Question:  Are prayers said with distractions of any

avail?

A. Prayers said with willful distractions are of no avail.

 

LESSON TWENTY-NINTH: ON THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD

 

310 Question:  is it enough to belong to God's Church in order

to be saved?

Anwser:  It is not enough to belong to the Church in order to be saved, but we

must also keep the Commandments of God and of the Church.

 

311 Question: Which are the Commandments that contain the whole

law of God?

Anwser:  The Commandments which contain the whole law of God are these two:

 

Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, with thy whole soul,

with thy whole strength, and with thy whole mind;

Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

 

312 Question:  Why do these two Commandments of the love of God

and of our neighbor contain the whole law of God?

Anwser:  These two Commandments of the love of God and of our neighbor contain the

whole law of God because all the other Commandments are given either to help us

to keep these two, or to direct us how to shun what is opposed to them.

 

313 Question: Which are the Commandments of God?

Anwser:  The Commandments of God are these ten.

 

I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of

the house of bondage. Thou shalt not have strange gods before Me.  Thou shalt

not make to thyself a graven thing, nor the likeness of anything that is in

heaven above, or in the earth beneath, nor of those things that are in the

waters under the earth. Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them.

Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.

Remember thou keep holy the Sabbath day.

Honor thy father and thy mother.

Thou shalt not kill.

Thou shalt not commit adultery.

Thou shalt not steal.

Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife.

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's goods.

 

314 Question:  Who gave the Ten Commandments?

Anwser:  God Himself gave the Ten Commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai. and

Christ our Lord confirmed them.

 

LESSON THIRTIETH: ON THE FIRST COMMANDMENT

 

315 Question:  What is the first Commandment?

Anwser:  The first Commandment is: I am the Lord thy God: thou shalt not have

strange gods before Me.

 

316 Question:  How does the first Commandment help us to keep

the great Commandment of the love of God?

Anwser:  The first Commandment helps us to keep the great Commandment of the

love of God because it commands us to adore God alone.

 

317 Question:  How do we adore God?

Anwser:  We adore God by faith, hope, and charity, by prayer and sacrifice.

 

318 Question:  How may the first Commandment be broken?

Anwser:  The first Commandment may be broken by giving to a creature the honor

which belongs to God alone; by false worship; and by attributing to a creature

a perfection which belongs to God alone.

 

319 Question:  Do those who make use of spells and charms, or

who believe in dreams, in mediums, spiritists, fortune-tellers, and the like,

sin against the first Commandment?

Anwser:  Those who make use of spells and charms, or who believe in dreams, in

mediums, spiritists, fortunetellers and the like, sin against the first

Commandment, because they attribute to creatures perfections which belong to

God alone.

 

320 Question:  Are sins against faith, hope and charity also

sins against the first Commandment?

Anwser:  Sins against faith, hope, and charity are also sins against the first

Commandment.

 

321 Question:  How does a person sin against faith?

Anwser:  A person sins against faith:

 

by not trying to know what God has taught;

by refusing to believe all that God has taught;

by neglecting to profess his belief in what God has taught.

 

322 Question:  How do we fail to try to know what God has

taught?

Anwser:  We fail to try to know what God has taught by neglecting to learn the

Christian doctrine.

 

323 Question:  Who are they who do not believe all that God has

taught?

Anwser:  They who do not believe all that God has taught are the heretics and

infidels.

 

324 Question:  Who are they who neglect to profess their belief

in what-God has taught?

Anwser:  They who neglect to profess their belief in what God has taught are

all those who fail to acknowledge the true Church in which they really believe.

 

325 Question:  Can they who fail to profess their faith in the

true Church in which they believe expect to be saved while in that

state?

Anwser:  They who fail to profess their faith in the true Church in which they

believe cannot expect to be saved while in that state, for Christ has said: "

Whoever shall deny Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father who is

in heaven."

 

326 Question:  Are we obliged to make open profession of our

faith?

Anwser:  We are obliged to make open profession of our faith as often as God's

honor, our neighbor's spiritual good, or our own requires it.  "Whosoever,"

says Christ, "shall confess Me before men, I will also confess him before My

Father who is in heaven."

 

327 Question: Which are the sins against hope?

Anwser:  The sins against hope are presumption and despair.

 

328 Question:  What is presumption?

Anwser: Presumption is a rash expectation of salvation without making proper

use of the necessary means to obtain it.

 

329 Question:  What is despair?

Anwser:  Despair is the loss of hope in God's mercy.

 

330 Question:  How do we sin against the love of God?

Anwser:  We sin against the love of God by all sin, but particularly by mortal

sin.

 

LESSON THIRTY-FIRST: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT--ON THE HONOR AND INVOCATION OF SAINTS

 

331 Question:  Does the first Commandment forbid the honoring of

the saints?

Anwser:  The first Commandment does not forbid the honoring of the saints, but

rather approves of it; because by honoring the saints, who are the chosen

friends of God, we honor God Himself.

 

332 Question:  Does the first Commandment forbid us to pray to

the saints?

Anwser:  The first Commandment does not forbid us to pray to the saints.

 

333 Question:  What do we mean by praying to the saints?

Anwser:  By praying to the saints we mean the asking of their help and prayers.

 

334 Question:  How do we know that the saints hear us?

Anwser:  We know that the saints hear us, because they are with God, who makes

our prayers known to them.

 

335 Question:  Why do we believe that the saints will help

us?

Anwser:  We believe that the saints will help us because both they and we are

members of the same Church. and they love us as their brethren.

 

336 Question:  How are the saints and we members of the same

Church?

Anwser:  The saints and we are members of the same Church, because the Church

in heaven and the Church on earth are one and the same Church, and all its

members are in communion with one another.

 

337 Question:  What is the communion of the members of the

Church called?

Anwser:  The communion of the members of the Church is called the communion of

saints.

 

338 Question:  What does the communion of saints mean?

A. The communion of saints means the union which exists between

the members of the Church on earth with one another, and with the blessed in

heaven and with the suffering souls in purgatory.

 

339 Question:  What benefits are derived from the communion of

saints?

Anwser:  The following benefits are derived from the communion of saints:--the

faithful on earth assist one another by their prayers and good works, and they

are aided by the intercession of the saints in heaven, while both the saints in

heaven and the faithful on earth help the souls in purgatory.

 

340 Question:  Does the first Commandment forbid us. to honor

relics?

Anwser:  The first Commandment does not forbid us to honor relics, because

relics are the bodies of the saints, or objects directly connected with them or

with our Lord.

 

341 Question:  Does the first Commandment forbid the making of

images?

Anwser:  The first Commandment does forbid the making of images if they are

made to be adored as gods, but it does not forbid the making of them to put us

in mind of Jesus Christ, His Blessed Mother, and the saints.

 

342 Question:  Is it right to show respect to the pictures and

images of Christ and His saints?

Anwser:  It is right to show respect to the pictures and images of Christ and

His saints, because they are the representations and memorials of them.

 

343 Question:  Is it allowed to pray to the crucifix or to the

images and relics of the saints?

Anwser:  It is not allowed to pray to the crucifix or images and relics of the

saints, for they have no life, nor power to help us, nor sense to hear us.

 

344 Question:  Why do we pray before the crucifix and the

images and relics of the saints?

Anwser:  We pray before the crucifix and images and relics of the saints

because they enliven our devotion by exciting pious affections and desires, and

by reminding us of Christ and of the saints, that we may imitate their virtues.

 

LESSON THIRTY-SECOND: FROM THE SECOND TO THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT

 

345 Question:  What is the second Commandment?

Anwser:  The second Commandment is: Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord

thy God in vain.

 

346 Question:  What are we commanded by the second

Commandment?

Anwser:  We are commanded by the second Commandment to speak with reverence of

God and of the saints, and of all holy things, and to keep our lawful oaths and

vows.

 

347 Question:  What is an oath?

Anwser:  An oath is the calling upon God to witness the truth of what we say.

 

348 Question:  When may we take an oath?

Anwser:  We may take an oath when it is ordered by lawful authority or

required for God's honor or for our own or our neighbor's good.

 

349 Question:  What is necessary to make an oath lawful?

Anwser:  To make an oath lawful it is necessary that what we swear to, be

true, and that there be a sufficient cause for taking an oath.

 

350 Question:  What is a vow?

Anwser:  A vow is a deliberate promise made to God to do something that is

pleasing to Him.

 

351 Question:  Is it a sin not to fulfill our vows?

Anwser:  Not to fulfill our vows is a sin, mortal or venial, according to the

nature of the vow and the intention we had in making it.

 

352 Question:  What is forbidden by the second

Commandment?

Anwser:  The second Commandment forbids all false, rash, unjust, and

unnecessary oaths, blasphemy, cursing, and profane words.

 

353 Question:  What is the third Commandment?

Anwser:  The third Commandment is: Remember thou keep holy the Sabbath day.

 

354 Question:  What are we commanded by the third

Commandment?

Anwser:  By the third Commandment we are commanded to keep holy the Lord's day

and the holydays of obligation, on which we are to give our time to the service

and worship of God.

 

355 Question:  How are we to worship God on Sundays and

holydays of obligation?

Anwser:  We are to worship God on Sundays and holydays of obligation by

hearing Mass, by prayer, and by other good works.

 

356 Question:  Are the Sabbath day and the Sunday the

same?

Anwser:  The Sabbath day and the Sunday are not the same. The Sabbath is the

seventh day of the week, and is the day which was kept holy in the Old Law; the

Sunday is the first day of the week, and is tile day which is kept holy in the

New Law.

 

357 Question:  Why does the Church command us to keep the

Sunday holy instead of the Sabbath?

Anwser:  The Church commands us to keep the Sunday holy instead of the Sabbath

because on Sunday Christ rose from the dead, and on Sunday He sent the Holy

Ghost upon the Apostles.

 

358 Question:  What is forbidden by the third

Commandment?

A. The third Commandment forbids all unnecessary servile work and

whatever else may hinder the due observance of the Lord's day.

 

359 Question:  What are servile works?

Anwser:  Servile works are those which require labor rather of body than of

mind.

 

360 Question:  Are servile works on Sunday ever lawful?

Anwser:  Servile works are lawful on Sunday when the honor of God, the good of

our neighbor, or necessity requires them.

 

LESSON THIRTY-THIRD: FROM THE FOURTH TO THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT

 

361 Question:  What is the fourth Commandment?

Anwser:  The fourth Commandment is: Honor thy father and thy mother.

 

362 Question:  What are we commanded by the fourth

Commandment?

Anwser:  We are commanded by the fourth Commandment to honor, love, and obey

our parents in all that is not sin.

 

363 Question:  Are we bound to honor and obey others than our

parents?

Anwser:  We are also bound to honor and obey our bishops, pastors,

magistrates, teachers, and other lawful superiors.

 

364 Question:  Have parents and superiors any duties towards

those who are under their charge?

Anwser:  It is the duty of parents and superiors to take good care of all

under their charge and give them proper direction and example.

 

365 Question:  What is forbidden by the fourth

Commandment?

Anwser:  The fourth Commandment forbids all disobedience, contempt, and

stubbornness towards our parents or lawful superiors.

 

366 Question:  What is the fifth Commandment?

Anwser:  The fifth Commandment is: Thou shalt not kill.

 

367 Question:  What are we commanded by the fifth

Commandment?

Anwser:  We are commanded by the fifth Commandment to live in peace and union

with our neighbor, to respect his rights, to seek his spiritual and bodily

welfare, and to take proper care of our own life and health.

 

368 Question:  What is forbidden by the fifth

Commandment?

Anwser:  The fifth Commandment forbids all willful murder, fighting, anger,

hatred, revenge, and bad example.

 

369 Question:  What is the sixth Commandment?

Anwser:  The sixth Commandment is: Thou shalt not commit adultery.

 

370 Question:  What are we commanded by the sixth

Commandment?

Anwser:  We are commanded by the sixth Commandment to be pure in thought and

modest in all our looks, words, and actions.

 

371 Question:  What is forbidden by the sixth

Commandment?

Anwser:  The sixth commandment forbids all unchaste freedom with anothers wife

or husband; also all immodesty with ourselves or others in looks, dress, words,

or actions.

 

372 Question:  Does the sixth Commandment forbid the reading of

bad and immodest books and newspapers?

Anwser:  The sixth Commandment does forbid the reading of bad and immodest

books and newspapers.

 

LESSON THIRTY-FOURTH: FROM THE SEVENTH TO THE END OF THE TENTH COMMANDMENT

 

373 Question:  What is the seventh Commandment?

Anwser:  The seventh Commandment is: Thou shalt not steal.

 

374 Question:  What are we commanded by the seventh

Commandment?

Anwser:  By the seventh Commandment we are commanded to give to all men what

belongs to them and to respect their property.

 

375 Question:  What is forbidden by the seventh

Commandment?

Anwser:  The seventh Commandment forbids all unjust taking or keeping what

belongs to another.

 

376 Question:  Are we bound to restore ill-gotten goods?

Anwser:  We are bound to restore ill-gotten goods, or the value of them, as far as we

are able; otherwise we can. not be forgiven.

 

377 Question:  Are we obliged to repair the damage we have

unjustly caused?

Anwser:  We are bound to repair the damage we have unjustly caused.

 

378 Question:  What is the eighth Commandment?

Anwser:  The eighth Commandment is: Thou shalt not bear false witness against

thy neighbor.

 

379 Question:  What are we commanded by the eighth

Commandment?

Anwser:  We are commanded by the eighth Commandment to speak the truth in all

things and to be careful of the honor and reputation of every one.

 

380 Question:  What is forbidden by the eighth

Commandment?

Anwser:  The eighth Commandment forbids all rash judgments, backbiting,

slanders, and lies.

 

381 Question:  What must they do who have lied about their

neighbor and seriously injured his character?

Anwser:  They who have lied about their neighbor and seriously injured his

character must repair the injury done as far as they are able, otherwise they

will not be forgiven.

 

382 Question:  What is the ninth Commandment?

Anwser:  The ninth Commandment is: Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife.

 

383 Question:  What are we commanded by the ninth

Commandment?

Anwser:  We are commanded by the ninth Commandment to keep ourselves pure in

thought and desire.

 

384 Question:  What is forbidden by the ninth

Commandment?

Anwser:  The ninth Commandment forbids unchaste thoughts, desires of anothers

wife or husband, and all other unlawful impure thoughts and desires.

 

385 Question:  Are impure thoughts and desires always

sins?

Anwser:  Impure thoughts and desires are always sins, unless they displease us

and we try to banish them.

 

386 Question:  What is the tenth Commandment?

A. The tenth Commandment is: Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's goods.

 

387 Question:  What are we commanded by the tenth

Commandment?

Anwser:  By the tenth Commandment we are commanded to be content with what we

have. and to rejoice in our neighbor's welfare.

 

389 Question:  What is forbidden by the tenth

Commandment?

Anwser:  The tenth Commandment forbids all desires to take or keep wrongfully

what belongs to another.

 

LESSON THIRTY-FIFTH: ON THE FIRST AND SECOND COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH

 

389 Question: Which are the chief commandments of the

Church?

Anwser:  The chief commandments of the Church are six:

 

To hear Mass on Sundays and holydays of obligation.

To fast and abstain on the days appointed.

To confess at least once a year.

To receive the Holy Eucharist during the Easter time.

To contribute to the support of our pastors.

Not to marry persons who are not Catholics, or who are related to us within

the third degree of kindred, nor privately without witnesses, nor to solemnize

marriage at forbidden times.

 

390 Question:  Is it a mortal sin not to hear Mass on a Sunday

or a holyday of obligation?

Anwser:  It is a mortal sin not to hear Mass on a Sunday or a holyday of

obligation, unless we are excused for a serious reason.  They also commit a

mortal sin who, having others under their charge, hinder them from hearing

Mass, without a sufficient reason.

 

391 Question:  Why were holydays instituted by the

Church?

Anwser:  Holydays were instituted by the Church to recall to our minds the

great mysteries of religion and the virtues and rewards of the saints.

 

392 Question:  How should we keep the holydays of

obligation?

Anwser:  We should keep the holydays of obligation as we should keep the

Sunday.

 

393 Question:  What do you mean by fast-days?

Anwser:  By fast-days I mean days on which we are allowed but one full meal.

 

394 Question:  What do you mean by days of abstinence?

Anwser:  By days of abstinence I mean days on which we are forbidden to eat

flesh-meat, but are allowed the usual number of meals.

 

395 Question:  Why does the Church command us to fast and

abstain?

Anwser:  The Church commands us to fast and abstain, in order that we may

mortify our passions and satisfy for our sins.

 

396 Question:  Why does the Church command us to abstain from

flesh-meat on Fridays?

Anwser:  The Church commands us to abstain from flesh-meat on Fridays, in

honor of the day on which our Saviour died.

 

LESSON THIRTY-SIXTH: ON THE THIRD, FOURTH, FIFTH AND SIXTH COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH

 

397 Question:  What is meant by the command of confessing at

least once a year?

Anwser:  By the command of confessing at least once a year is meant that we

are obliged, under pain of mortal sin, to go to confession within the year.

 

398 Question: Should we confess only once a year?

Anwser:  We should confess frequently, if we wish to lead a good life.

 

399 Question: Should children go to Confession?

Anwser:  Children should go to Confession when they are old enough to commit

sin, which is commonly about the age of seven years.

 

400 Question:  What sin does he commit who neglects to receive

Communion during the Easter time?

Anwser:  He who neglects to receive Communion during the Easter time commits a

mortal sin.

 

401 Question:  What is the Easter time?

Anwser:  The Easter time is, in this country, the time between the first

Sunday of Lent and Trinity Sunday.

 

402 Question:  Are we obliged to contribute to the support of

our pastors?

Anwser:  We are obliged to contribute to the support of our pastors, and to

bear our share in the expenses of the church and school.

 

403 Question:  What is the meaning of the commandment not to

marry within the third degree of kindred?

Anwser:  The meaning of the commandment not to marry within the third degree

of kindred is that no one is allowed to marry another within the third degree

of blood relationship.

 

404 Question:  What is the meaning of the command not to marry

privately?

Anwser:  The command not to marry privately means that none should marry

without the blessing of God's priests or without witnesses.

 

405 Question:  What is the meaning of the precept not to

solemnize marriage at forbidden times?

Anwser:  The meaning of the precept not to solemnize marriage at forbidden

times is that during Lent and Advent the marriage ceremony should not be

performed with pomp or a nuptial Mass.

 

406 Question:  What is the nuptial Mass?

Anwser:  A nuptial Mass is a Mass appointed by the Church to invoke a special

blessing upon the married couple.

 

407 Question: Should Catholics be married at a nuptial

Mass?

Anwser:  Catholics should be married at a nuptial Mass, because they thereby

show greater reverence for the holy Sacrament and bring richer blessings upon

their wedded life.

 

LESSON THIRTY-SEVENTH: ON THE LAST JUDGMENT AND THE RESURRECTION, HELL, PURGATORY, AND HEAVEN

 

408 Question:  When will Christ judge us?

Anwser:  Christ will judge us immediately after our death, and on the last day.

 

409 Question:  What is the judgment called which we have to

undergo immediately after death?

Anwser:  The judgment we have to undergo immediately after death is called the

Particular Judgment.

 

410 Question:  What is the judgment called which all men have to

undergo on the last day?

Anwser:  The judgment which all men have to undergo on the last day is called

the General Judgment.

 

411 Question:  Why does Christ judge men immediately after

death?

Anwser:  Christ judges men immediately after death to reward or punish them

according to their deeds.

 

412 Question:  What are the rewards or punishments appointed for

men's souls after the Particular Judgment?

Anwser:  The rewards or punishments appointed for men's souls after the

Particular Judgment are Heaven, Purgatory, and Hell.

 

413 Question:  What is Hell?

Anwser:  Hell is a state to which the wicked are condemned, and in which they

are deprived of the sight of God for all eternity, and are in dreadful torments.

 

414 Question:  What is Purgatory?

Anwser:  Purgatory is a state in which those suffer for a time who die guilty

of venial sins, or without having satisfied for the punishment due to their

sins.

 

415 Question:  Can the faithful on earth help the souls in

Purgatory?

Anwser:  The faithful on earth can help the souls in Purgatory by their

prayers, fasts, alms-deeds; by indulgences, and by having Masses said for them.

 

416 Question:  If every one is judged immediately after death,

what need is there of a General Judgment?

Anwser:  There is need of a General Judgment, though every one is judged

immediately after death, that the providence of God, which, on earth, often

permits the good to suffer and the wicked to prosper, may in the end appear

just before all men.

 

417 Question:  Will our bodies share in the reward or

punishment of our souls?

Anwser:  Our bodies will share in the reward or punishment of our souls,

because through the resurrection they will again be united to them.

 

418 Question:  In what state will the bodies of the just

rise?

Anwser:  The bodies of the just will rise glorious and immortal.

 

419 Question:  Will the bodies of the damned also rise?

Anwser:  The bodies of the damned will also rise, but they will be

condemned to eternal punishment.

 

420 Question:  What is Heaven?

Anwser:  Heaven is the state of everlasting life in which we see God face to face, are made like unto Him in glory. and enjoy eternal happiness.

 

421 Question:  What words should we bear always in mind?

Anwser:  We should bear always in mind these words of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ:  "What doth it profit a man if he gain the whole world and suffer the loss of his own soul, or what exchange shall a man give for his soul?  For the Son of man shall come in the glory of His Father with His angels; and then will He render to every man according to his works."

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